Effect of Finanacial Hedging on the Incentives for Corporate Diversification: The Role of Stakeholder Firm-Specific Investments
18 Pages Posted: 20 Jul 2007
Financial hedging and corporate diversification are often considered substitutive means of risk management, implying that rapid development of financial hedging markets will yield less need for firms to manage risk through costly diversification. Building on a stakeholder-based view of risk management, we show that financial hedging and corporate diversification are more often complementary than substitutive. Financial hedging reduces a firm's systematic risk, encouraging firm-specific investment by stakeholders. Larger firm-specific investment loads excessive idiosyncratic risk on the stakeholders, increasing the benefits of reducing idiosyncratic risk through diversification. Therefore, financial hedging can increase a firm's incentives to manage risk through diversification.
Keywords: Risk management, Financial hedging, Corporate diversification, Stakeholders, Firm-specific investments
JEL Classification: G30, L29
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation