Walter Scheidel

Stanford University

Dickason Professor in the Humanities

Stanford, CA 94305-2145

United States

http://www,stanford.edu/~scheidel

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

38

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11,161

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 21,656

in Total Papers Citations

23

CROSSREF CITATIONS

22

Scholarly Papers (38)

1.

Slavery in the Roman Economy

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 25 Aug 2010
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 1,304 (17,834)
Citation 1

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Slavery, Roman Economy

2.

From the 'Great Convergence' to the 'First Great Divergence': Roman and Qin-Han State Formation and its Aftermath

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 26 Feb 2008
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 838 (33,964)
Citation 7

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Rome, China, State formation, Great Divergence

3.

Disease and Death in the Ancient City of Rome

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 24 Mar 2009
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 822 (34,855)
Citation 4

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Roman History, Demography, Disease, Seasonal Mortality, Paleodemography

4.

Monogamy and Polygyny in Greece, Rome, and World History

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 10 Aug 2008
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 715 (42,177)
Citation 1

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Monogamy, Polygamy, Polygyny, Marriage

5.

The Size of the Economy and the Distribution of Income in the Roman Empire

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 14 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2009
Steven J. Friesen and Walter Scheidel
affiliation not provided to SSRN and Stanford University
Downloads 582 (55,271)
Citation 10

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Roman economy, Roman GDP, Roman inequality

6.

Roman Wellbeing and the Economic Consequences of the 'Antonine Plague'

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 02 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2009
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 567 (57,059)
Citation 7

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Roman economy, Roman demography, Epidemics, Real incomes, Wellbeing

7.

Empires of Inequality: Ancient China and Rome

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 02 Aug 2016
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 504 (66,380)

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Ancient Rome, Han China, Ancient Empires, Inequality

8.

Physical Wellbeing in the Roman World

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 14 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 24 Aug 2010
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 416 (83,504)
Citation 5

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Wellbeing, Body Height, Stature, Anthropometry

9.

Slavery and Forced Labor in Early China and the Roman World

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 01 Apr 2013
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 360 (99,625)
Citation 2

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slavery, forced labor, penal servitude, Ancient Rome, Early China, comparative slavery

10.

Epigraphy and Demography: Birth, Marriage, Family, and Death

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 060701
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 26 Feb 2008
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 350 (101,851)
Citation 2

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Greece, Rome, Population, Demography, Historical Demography, Epigraphy

11.

In Search of Roman Economic Growth

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 060808
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 10 Aug 2008
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 313 (115,208)
Citation 2

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Roman History, Roman Economy, Economic Growth, Malthusian Theory

12.

Real Wages in Early Economies: Evidence for Living Standards from 1800 BCE to 1300 CE

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 30 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 22 May 2009
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 305 (118,489)
Citation 24

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Wages, real wages, unskilled labor, living standards, incomes

13.

The Shape of the Roman World

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 01 Apr 2013
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 285 (127,696)
Citation 3

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Roman History, Digital Humanities, Geospatial modeling

14.

Greco-Roman Sex Ratios and Femicide in Comparative Perspective

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 14 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 20 May 2014
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 277 (131,063)
Citation 1

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Sex ratio, Infanticide, Femicide

15.

The Monetary Systems of the Han and Roman Empires

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 110505
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 26 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2009
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 260 (139,982)
Citation 3

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Rome, China, Comparative History, Money, Monetary History, Coinage

16.

Roman Population Size: The Logic of the Debate

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 070706
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 26 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2009
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 241 (150,803)
Citation 27

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Rome, Population, Demography, Historical Demography

17.

A Comparative Perspective on the Determinants of the Scale and Productivity of Maritime Trade in the Roman Mediterranean

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 040902
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 23 Mar 2009
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 235 (154,525)

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Trading costs, predation costs, transaction costs, financing costs, commercial organization, maritime trade

18.

The Xiongnu and the Comparative Study of Empire

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 24 Aug 2010
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 210 (172,015)

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Xiongnu, Han Empire, Steppe Empires, Nomads

19.

Approaching the Roman Economy

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 25 Aug 2010
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 209 (172,829)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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Roman economy

20.

Coin Quality, Coin Quantity, and Coin Value in Early China and the Roman World

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 02 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 24 Aug 2010
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 205 (175,975)
Citation 2

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Roman economy, Chinese economy, Coinage, Money, Devaluation, Inflation

21.

Evolutionary Psychology and the Historian

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 01 Apr 2013
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 174 (203,760)

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evolutionary psychology, sociobiology, incest, incest avoidance, inbreeding, Westermarck effect, mating systems

22.

Comparing Comparisons: Ancient East and West

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 01 Apr 2013
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 173 (204,773)

Abstract:

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Comparative history, Classics, Ancient history, Early China

23.

Age and Health in Roman Egypt

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 12 Feb 2010
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 173 (204,773)

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Egypt, disease, epidemics, mummies, life expectancy, demography, seasonal mortality, causes of death, health

24.

Orbis: The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman World

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 24 May 2015
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 160 (218,768)
Citation 5

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Networks, Geospatial modeling, Transport, Travel, Communication

25.

Economy and Quality of Life in the Roman World

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 010902
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Feb 2009
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 158 (221,105)
Citation 2

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Roman economy, Demography, Quality of Life

26.

The 'First Great Divergence': Trajectories of Post-Ancient State Formation in Eastern and Western Eurasia

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 100706
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 26 Feb 2008
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 156 (223,602)

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Rome, China, State formation, Great Divergence

27.

Rome, Tenochtitlan, and Beyond: Comparing Empires Across Space and Time

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 26 May 2015
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 144 (238,554)

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28.

Comparative History as Comparative Advantage: China's Potential Contribution to the Study of Ancient Mediterranean History

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 040601
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 26 Feb 2008
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 141 (242,702)

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Greece, Rome, China, Comparative History

29.

Roman Real Wages in Context

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 23 Sep 2010
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 137 (248,447)
Citation 3

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Real wages, Roman economy

30.

Death and the City: Ancient Rome and Beyond

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 24 May 2015
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 133 (254,272)
Citation 1

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Seasonal mortality, malaria, urban graveyard effect

31.

Roman Wealth and Wealth Inequality in Comparative Perspective

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 02 Oct 2019
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 112 (288,407)

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Inequality, History of Inequality, Economic Inequality, Wealth Inequality, Income Inequality, Roman History, Roman Empire

32.

Building for the State: A World-Historical Perspective

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 May 2015
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 106 (299,702)
Citation 2

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Labor history, Public building, Forced labor, Free labor

33.

Explaining the Maritime Freight Charges in Diocletian's Price Edict

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 01 Apr 2013
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 105 (301,629)
Citation 3

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Maritime trade, Diocletian, Roman economy

34.

Comparing Ancient Worlds: Comparative History as Comparative Advantage

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 02 Apr 2013
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 86 (342,938)

Abstract:

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Comparative history, Ancient History, Classics, Early China

35.

Benford's Law and Numerical Stylization of Monetary Valuations in Ancient Literature

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 23 Dec 2014
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 71 (382,925)

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Benford's Law, Number preference, Digit preference

36.

Measuring Finley's Impact

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 01 Apr 2013
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 68 (391,902)

Abstract:

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History of scholarship, Classics

37.

Citation Scores for Ancient Historians in the United States

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 020801
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 26 Feb 2008
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University
Downloads 66 (398,162)
Citation 1

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Ancient History, History of Scholarship, Citation Scores

38.

The Comparative Economics of Slavery in the Greco-Roman World

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics Paper No. 110504
Posted: 26 Feb 2008
Walter Scheidel
Stanford University

Abstract:

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Greece, Rome, Comparative History, Slavery