Ashish Arora

Duke University - Fuqua School of Business

Rex D. Adams Professor

Box 90120

Durham, NC 27708-0120

United States

National Bureau of Economics Research

Research Associate

1050 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative

215 Morris St., Suite 300

Durham, NC 27701

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

53

DOWNLOADS
Rank 3,157

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 3,157

in Total Papers Downloads

14,559

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 2,718

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 2,718

in Total Papers Citations

197

CROSSREF CITATIONS

297

Ideas:
“  The changing innovation ecosystem and the withdrawal of corporations from scientific research.  ”

Scholarly Papers (53)

1.

The Indian Software Services Industry

Heinz School Working Paper No. 99-19
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 07 Feb 2000
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 2,411 (7,016)
Citation 14

Abstract:

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2.

The Software Industry and India's Economic Development

Wider Discussion Paper No. 2001/20
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 06 Feb 2002
Ashish Arora and Suma Athreye
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Brunel University London - Brunel Business School
Downloads 1,822 (11,047)
Citation 5

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Software, Economic Development, India, Organizational Innovation, Human Capital

3.

Markets for Technology and Their Implications for Corporate Strategy

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 21 Feb 2000
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Business Administration and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology
Downloads 1,797 (11,324)
Citation 23

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4.

Innovation Measurement: Tracking the State of Innovation in the American Economy

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 15 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2013
Syracuse University, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management, University of North Texas - College of Business Administration, Harvard University - Department of Economics, Arizona State University, Sentara Healthcare, Microsoft Corporation, Synovus Financial Corporation, 3M, Medtronic (Minneapolis), UPS, Phoenix Associates Inc., IBM Corporation and Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
Downloads 859 (34,256)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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measuring, innovation, economy, advisory, committee, business, government

5.

The Indian Software Industry and its Prospects

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 21 Feb 2007
Ashish Arora
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 723 (43,346)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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software, exports, india, outsoucing, offshoring

6.

Property Rights, Firm Boundaries, and R&D Inputs

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 11 Jan 2001
Ashish Arora and Robert P. Merges
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 678 (47,294)
Citation 8

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7.

Patent Protection, Complementary Assets, and Firms' Incentives for Technology Licensing

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 30 Dec 2004
Ashish Arora and Marco Ceccagnoli
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Scheller College of Business at Georgia Tech
Downloads 677 (47,384)
Citation 35

Abstract:

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8.

Licensing in the Presence of Competing Technologies

Business Economics Series 14, Working Paper No. 98-72
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 16 Nov 1998
Ashish Arora and Andrea Fosfuri
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Business Administration
Downloads 548 (62,090)
Citation 7

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9.

Markets for Technology (Why Do We See Them, Why Don't We See More of Them, and Why Should We Care)

Universidad Carlos III, Working Paper No. 99-17(4)
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 22 Feb 1999
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Business Administration, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology
Downloads 535 (63,899)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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10.

Corporate Restructuring and R&D: A Panel Data Analysis for the Chemical Industry

IGIER Working Paper No. 173
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 01 Mar 2001
Ashish Arora, Marco Ceccagnoli and Marco Da Rin
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Scheller College of Business at Georgia Tech and Tilburg University, Department of Finance
Downloads 478 (73,506)
Citation 3

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11.
Downloads 377 ( 97,150)
Citation 5

Human Capital and the Indian Software Industry

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 22 Feb 2007
Ashish Arora and Surendrakumar Bagde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 339 (108,819)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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human capital, indian software exports, regional development, engineering college, offshoring, outsourcing

Human Capital and the Indian Software Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w16167
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 12 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 06 Mar 2021
Ashish Arora and Surendrakumar Bagde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 38 (532,706)

Abstract:

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12.

Optimal Policy for Software Vulnerability Disclosure

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 20 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2015
Ashish Arora, Rahul Telang and Hao Xu
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Carnegie Mellon University - School of Computer Science
Downloads 332 (112,117)
Citation 20

Abstract:

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software, vulnerability, disclosure, public policy

13.

Sell First, Fix Later: Impact of Patching on Software Quality

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 21 Feb 2005
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 259 (145,525)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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software quality, patching, monopoly, market size, fixed cost

14.

The Impact of Nsf Support for Basic Research in Economic

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 19 May 1999
Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology
Downloads 252 (149,507)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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15.

Does In-House R&D Increase Bargaining Power? Evidence from the Pharmaceutical Industry

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 22 Feb 2005
Ashish Arora, William B. Vogt and Ji Woong Yoon
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, RAND Corporation and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 241 (156,163)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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pharmaceutical, licensing, innovation, R&D

16.

Insecure Advantage? Markets for Technology and the Value of Resources for Entrepreneurial Ventures

Indian School of Business WP
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 28 Apr 2011
Anand Nandkumar and Ashish Arora
Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad and Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 227 (165,446)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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RBV, markets for technology, entrepreneurship, contingent value of resources, performance

17.

An Empirical Analysis of Vendor Response to Software Vulnerability Disclosure

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 29 Aug 2005
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 193 (192,436)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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Security vulnerability, disclosure policy, patching speed, open source, hazard functions

18.

Is the Division of Labor Limited by the Extent of the Market?: Evidence from Chemical Industry

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 10 Apr 2005
Ashish Arora, William B. Vogt and Ji Woong Yoon
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, RAND Corporation and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 181 (203,724)

Abstract:

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Specialization, division of labor, market size, Adam Smith, Make-Buy

19.

Division of Labor, Market for Technology and Investment

Carnegie Mellon University, Working Paper No. 97-18
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 25 Feb 1999
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Business Administration, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology
Downloads 159 (227,517)

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20.

Knowledge Sharing in Alliances and Alliance Portfolios

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 23 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 20 May 2017
Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon and Andrea Patacconi
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University and University of East Anglia (UEA) - Norwich Business School
Downloads 158 (228,789)
Citation 2

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knowledge sharing, learning alliances, knowledge misappropriation, learning races, alliance portfolios

Cash-Out or Flame-Out! Opportunity Cost and Entrepreneurial Strategy: Theory, and Evidence from the Information Security Industry

Indian School of Business WP
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 28 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2016
Anand Nandkumar and Ashish Arora
Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad and Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 129 (269,938)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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opportunity cost, Performance, entrepreneurship, Information security market

NBER Working Paper No. w15532
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 24 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2020
Ashish Arora and Anand Nandkumar
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad
Downloads 19 (656,011)

Abstract:

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22.

The Globalization of the Software Industry: Perspectives and Opportunities for Developed and Developing Countries

NBER Working Paper No. w10538
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 17 Jun 2004 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2015
Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology
Downloads 138 (255,449)
Citation 1

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23.

R&D and the Patent Premium

NBER Working Paper No. w9431
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 16 Jan 2003 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2021
Ashish Arora, Marco Ceccagnoli and Wesley M. Cohen
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Scheller College of Business at Georgia Tech and Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 136 (258,444)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Securing Their Future? Entry and Survival in the Information Security Industry

2008 Industry Studies Conference Paper
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 04 Jun 2008
Ashish Arora and Anand Nandkumar
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 106 (311,352)

Abstract:

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Entrepreneurship, Technology licensing, firm performance

Securing Their Future? Entry and Survival in the Information Security Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w13634
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 29 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2021
Ashish Arora and Anand Nandkumar
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 23 (625,926)

Abstract:

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25.

How Local are it Outsourcing Markets: Proximity and Software Programming

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 22 Dec 2006
Ashish Arora and Chris Forman
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Cornell University - Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management
Downloads 124 (277,023)

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Outsourcing, Tradable Services, IT Investment, Local Supply

26.

Killing the Golden Goose? The Decline of Science in Corporate R&D

NBER Working Paper No. w20902
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 02 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 11 Feb 2021
Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon and Andrea Patacconi
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University and University of East Anglia (UEA) - Norwich Business School
Downloads 109 (303,522)
Citation 19

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27.

Pricing Diagnostic Information

Management Science, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 18 Jan 2005
Ashish Arora and Andrea Fosfuri
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Business Administration
Downloads 104 (313,398)
Citation 2

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Pricing, Diagnostic Information, Marketing Research

28.

Waiting for the Payday? The Market for Startups and the Timing of Entrepreneurial Exit

Management Science, Forthcoming, Bocconi University Management Research Paper
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 28 May 2020 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2020
Ashish Arora, Andrea Fosfuri and Thomas Rønde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology and Copenhagen Business School
Downloads 67 (407,588)

Abstract:

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29.

The Paradox of Openness Revisited: Collaborative Innovation and Patenting by UK Innovators

Duke I&E Research Paper No. 15-1
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 30 Jul 2015
Ashish Arora, Suma Athreye and Can Huang
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Brunel University London - Brunel Business School and Zhejiang University - School of Management
Downloads 62 (424,074)
Citation 3

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open innovation, patent use, patent, external knowledge source, community innovation survey

30.

Quality Certification and the Economics of Contract Software Development a Study of the Indian Software Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w7260
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 21 Feb 2000 Last Revised: 05 May 2021
Ashish Arora and Jai Asundi
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy
Downloads 61 (427,488)
Citation 1

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31.

Going Soft: How the Rise of Software Based Innovation led to the Decline of Japan’s IT Industry and the Resurgence of Silicon Valley

Number of pages: 68 Posted: 21 Feb 2011
Ashish Arora, Lee Branstetter and Matej Drev
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Georgia Institute of Technology
Downloads 59 (434,633)
Citation 13

Abstract:

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Innovation, Technological Change, IT Industry, Software Innovation, Japan

32.

Back to Basics: Why Do Firms Invest in Research?

NBER Working Paper No. w23187
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 21 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 10 May 2021
Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon and Lia Sheer
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University and Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 53 (456,624)
Citation 2

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33.

The Acquisition and Commercialization of Invention in American Manufacturing: Incidence and Impact

NBER Working Paper No. w20264
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 30 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 16 May 2021
Ashish Arora, Wesley M. Cohen and John Walsh
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Georgia Institute of Technology
Downloads 53 (456,624)
Citation 2

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34.

The Organization of R&D in American Corporations: The Determinants and Consequences of Decentralization

NBER Working Paper No. w17013
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 23 May 2011
Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon and Luis A. Rios
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 47 (480,596)

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35.

Patent Incentives: Returns to Patenting and the Inducement for Research & Development

Intellectual Property Office Research Paper No. 2012/20
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 05 Jan 2016
Ashish Arora and Suma Athreye
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Brunel University London - Brunel Business School
Downloads 46 (484,783)
Citation 2

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36.

Returns to Specialization, Transaction Costs and the Dynamics of Industry Evolution

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Apr 1998 Last Revised: 11 May 2009
Ashish Arora and Farasat A. S. Bokhari
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and University of East Anglia (UEA) - School of Economic and Social Studies
Downloads 44 (493,563)

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Vertical Integration, Externalities, Positive Feedback, Industry Evolution, Transaction Costs, Simulation Models

37.

Enter at Your Own Risk: HMO Participation and Enrollment in the Medicarerisk Market

NBER Working Paper No. w7385
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 10 Feb 2000 Last Revised: 14 Oct 2010
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Public Health, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University and University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Public Health
Downloads 34 (541,336)

Abstract:

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38.

Implications for Energy Innovation from the Chemical Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w15676
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 25 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 05 Nov 2014
Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology
Downloads 30 (563,004)

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39.

The Changing Structure of American Innovation: Some Cautionary Remarks for Economic Growth

NBER Working Paper No. w25893
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 05 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2021
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University, University of East Anglia (UEA) - Norwich Business School and Duke University
Downloads 28 (574,877)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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40.

Patent Incentives: Returns to Patenting and the Inducement for Research & Development Executive Summary

Intellectual Property Office Research Paper Forthcoming 2012/20
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 05 Jan 2016
Ashish Arora and Suma Athreye
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Brunel University London - Brunel Business School
Downloads 27 (580,944)
Citation 2

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41.
Downloads 27 (580,944)
Citation 72

Managing Licensing in a Market for Technology

NBER Working Paper No. w18203
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 07 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 27 Oct 2014
Ashish Arora, Andrea Fosfuri and Thomas Rønde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, affiliation not provided to SSRN and University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics
Downloads 26 (604,425)
Citation 11

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Managing Licensing in a Market for Technology

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP9048
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 28 Sep 2012
Ashish Arora, Andrea Fosfuri and Thomas Rønde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Business Administration and University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics
Downloads 1 (812,778)
Citation 1
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Licensing, Markets for technology, Organization design

42.

Comment on 'Finding the Endless Frontier: Lessons from the Life Sciences Innovation System for Technology Policy' (by Iain M. Cockburn and Scott Stern)

Capitalism and Society, Vol. 5, Issue 1, Article 4, 2010
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 29 Jan 2013
Ashish Arora
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 26 (587,374)

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43.

Going Soft: How the Rise of Software Based Innovation Led to the Decline of Japan&Apos;S it Industry and the Resurgence of Silicon Valley

NBER Working Paper No. w16156
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 12 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2021
Ashish Arora, Lee Branstetter and Matej Drev
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Georgia Institute of Technology
Downloads 25 (593,739)

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Waiting for the Payday? The Market for Startups and the Timing of Entrepreneurial Exit

NBER Working Paper No. w24350
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 28 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2021
Ashish Arora, Andrea Fosfuri and Thomas Rønde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology and University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics
Downloads 23 (625,926)

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Waiting for the Payday? The Market for Startups and the Timing of Entrepreneurial Exit

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP12724
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 Feb 2018
Ashish Arora, Andrea Fosfuri and Thomas Rønde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology and University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics
Downloads 0
Citation 2
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absorptive capacity, Entrepreneurial exit, markets for technology

45.

Reversed Citations and the Localization of Knowledge Spillovers

NBER Working Paper No. w23036
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 17 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 12 Jun 2021
Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon and Honggi Lee
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University and University of New Hampshire
Downloads 21 (620,492)
Citation 1

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46.

Inventive Capabilities in the Division of Innovative Labor

NBER Working Paper No. w25051
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 17 Sep 2018
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and London Business School
Downloads 10 (701,037)
Citation 1

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47.

Globalization of Software Research: Does the Us Have an Advantage in Applications?

Atlanta Competitive Advantage Conference Paper
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 03 Mar 2009
Ashish Arora, Matej Drev and Chris Forman
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Georgia Institute of Technology and Cornell University - Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management
Downloads 8 (716,486)
Citation 2

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globalization, lead users, patents, comparative advantage, econometrics

48.

First-Mover Advantage and the Private Value of Public Science

NBER Working Paper No. w28533
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 08 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2021
Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon and Bernardo Dionisi
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University and Duke University
Downloads 7 (724,344)
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49.

(When) Does Patent Protection Spur Cumulative Research within Firms?

NBER Working Paper No. w28880
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 07 Jun 2021 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2021
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University, Cornell University and Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 3 (755,754)
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50.

Science and the Market for Technology

NBER Working Paper No. w28534
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 08 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2021
Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon and Jungkyu Suh
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University and Duke University
Downloads 3 (755,754)
Citation 3
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51.

Ideas for Rent: An Overview of Markets for Technology

Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 775-803, 2010
Posted: 04 Jun 2010
Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology

Abstract:

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52.

Is the Division of Labor Limited by the Extent of the Market?: Evidence from the Chemical Industry

Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 18, Issue 5, pp. 785-806, 2009
Posted: 05 Oct 2009
Ashish Arora, William B. Vogt and Ji Woong Yoon
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, RAND Corporation and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management

Abstract:

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53.

Domestic Markets and International Competitiveness: Generic and Product-Specific Competencies in the Engineering Sector

Posted: 11 Aug 1997
Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology

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