Andrew W. Torrance

University of Kansas - School of Law

Green Hall

1535 W. 15th Street

Lawrence, KS 66045-7577

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

43

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12,082

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 31,331

in Total Papers Citations

6

CROSSREF CITATIONS

21

Scholarly Papers (43)

1.

Patents and the Regress of Useful Arts

Columbia Science and Technology Law Review, Vol. 10, 2009
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 30 May 2009
Andrew W. Torrance and Bill Tomlinson
University of Kansas - School of Law and University of California, Irvine
Downloads 1,938 (9,894)
Citation 3

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Patent, patent law, patent system, patent clause, intellectual property, innovation, open innovation, commons, technological innovation, invention, game, simulation, empirical, productivity, social utility, license, infringement, enforcement, economic experiment

2.

Intellectual Property as the Third Dimension of GMO Regulation

Kansas Journal of Law & Pubic Policy, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 257-285, 2007
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 29 Sep 2008
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 792 (37,916)

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patents, genetic engineering, GMO, environment, health

3.

Synthesizing Law for Synthetic Biology

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 629-65, 2010
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 25 Jun 2010
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 686 (46,060)

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synthetic biology, biological engineering, gene, DNA, patent, copyright, intellectual property, trademark, gene patent, gene copyright, gene trademark, biotechnology, genetic engineering, bioethics, biosafety, biosecurity, open source biology, biobrick, user innovation, open innovation

4.

Property Rules, Liability Rules, and Patents: One Experimental View of the Cathedral

Yale Journal of Law & Technology, Vo. 14, p. 138, 2011
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 29 Jan 2012
Andrew W. Torrance and Bill Tomlinson
University of Kansas - School of Law and University of California, Irvine
Downloads 569 (58,742)

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patent, patent law, patent infringement, patent enforcement, liability rule, property rule, injunction, damages, Calabresi, Melamed, experiment, simulation game, innovation, invention, productivity, wealth, social utility

5.

All Patents Great and Small: A Big Data Network Approach to Valuation

Virginia Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2017
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 29 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 31 Mar 2017
Andrew W. Torrance and Jevin D. West
University of Kansas - School of Law and University of Washington
Downloads 556 (60,387)
Citation 1

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patent, patent value, patent law, patent economics, United States Patent & Trademark Office, USPTO, citation, imprimatur, network, network analysis, patent importance, importance, and valuation, patent analytics, and empirical patent analysis

6.

The Right to Innovate

Michigan State Law Review, No. 793, 2015
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 12 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 08 Oct 2015
Andrew W. Torrance and Eric A. von Hippel
University of Kansas - School of Law and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 514 (66,573)
Citation 2

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innovation wetlands, right to innovate, innovation rights and innovation, user innovation, open innovation, invention, intellectual property, regulation, patent, copyright, privacy, commerce, freedom, liberty, infringement, agency

7.

Intellectual Property and Public Health – A White Paper

Akron Intellectual Property Journal, Vol. 7, 2013, U of Akron Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-11, Northeastern University School of Law Research Paper No. 152-2013, Seton Hall Public Law Research Paper No. 2259089, Georgia State University College of Law, Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-22
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 02 May 2013 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2014
University of New Hampshire School of Law, Michigan State University - College of Law, University of Akron - School of Law, Regent University School of Law, University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law, Georgia State University College of Law, Brooklyn Law School, University of Akron - School of Law, University of Akron - School of Law, New York University School of Law, Northeastern University - School of Law, University of Kansas - School of Law and Case Western Reserve University School of Law
Downloads 507 (67,664)

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public health, intellectual property, TRIPS, patent, healthcare, health, big data, innovation, health care, pharmaceuticals, alternatives, Hatch-Waxman, prizes, collectively governed systems, clinical trials, black box, transparency, Obamacare, privacy, human rights

8.

Physiological Steps Doctrine

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 23, pp. 1471-1505, 2008
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 15 Mar 2009
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 501 (68,709)

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Patent, pharmaceutical, drug, biotechnology, in vivo conversion, prodrug, statutory subject matter, patentability, patentable subject matter, mental steps doctrine, physiological steps doctrine, abbreviated new drug application, ANDA, generic drug, inherency, evidence

9.

Gene Concepts, Gene Talk, and Gene Patents

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 157-191, 2010
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 14 May 2010
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 487 (71,159)

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Gene, Patent, Gene Patent, Patent Law, Gene Talk, DNA, DNA Patent, Biotechnology, Biotechnology Patent, Biotechnology Patent Law, History of Science, Science And Technology Studies

10.

Patenting Human Evolution

Kansas Law Review, Vol. 56, p. 1075, 2008
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 13 Nov 2008
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 473 (73,752)

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patent, gene, genetic, genetic engineering, genetic modification, evolution, human evolution, genetic enhancement, human genetic enhancement, human evolution

11.

An Extinction Bar to Patentability

Georgetown International Environmental Law Review (GIELR), Vol. 20, pp. 237-270, 2008
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 29 Sep 2008
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 461 (76,127)

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patents, biodiversity, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, medicine, bioprospecting, biological deposits, enablement, extinction, conservation

12.

DNA Copyright

Valparaiso University Law Review, Vol. 46, pp. 1-41, 2011
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 11 Mar 2012
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 444 (79,585)

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copyright, DNA, gene, nucleotide, synthetic biology, synthetic DNA, synthetic gene, recombinant DNA, intellectual property, IP, patent, biotechnology, author, authorship, expression, expressive, functionality, functional, useful, fair use, software, literary, literary work

13.

Metaphysics and Patenting Life

University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review, Vol. 76, p. 363, 2007
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 12 Oct 2008
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 411 (87,129)

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patent, patentable subject matter, evolution, religion

14.

Patents to the Rescue - Disasters and Patent Law

DePaul Journal of Health Care Law, Vol. 10, p. 309, 2007
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 26 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2008
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 373 (97,442)

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patents, disasters, innovation

15.

Patent Law, HIPPO, and the Biodiversity Crisis

John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law, Vol. 9, pp. 624-656, 2010
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 07 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 01 Jun 2014
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 357 (102,441)

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patent, intellectual property, environment, biodiversity, conservation, technology, invention, habitat, invasive species, pollution, population, hunting, extinction

16.

Book Review: Human Rights and the WTO: The Case of Patents and Access to Medicines, by Holger Hestermeyer

The IP Book Law Review, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 46-49, June 2010
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 12 Jul 2010
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 305 (121,731)

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patent, patent law, patent rights, drug, medicine, pharmaceutical, human rights, access to medicine, international trade, World Trade Organization, WTO, Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property, TRIPS, less developed country, developing country

17.

Beauty Fades: An Experimental Study of Federal Court Design Patent Aesthetics

Journal of Intellectual Property Law, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2012
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 24 Feb 2020
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 298 (124,809)

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Design patent, design, patent, patent litigation, aesthetics, beauty, ornamental, intellectual property, design protection, validity, invalidity, infringement, experiment, experimental law, empirical, judge, Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

18.

Open and Proprietary Biological Innovation in Human Genetic Enhancement

Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, Vol. 30, pp. 93-138, 2009
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 06 Feb 2010
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 263 (142,006)

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Patent, Open Source, Biology, Biotechnology, Enhancement, Gene, Innovation, Patent Law, Gene Patent, Human Enhancement, Genetic Enhancement, Genetic Engineering, Open Source Biology, Human Evolution

19.

Planted Obsolescence: Synagriculture and the Law

Idaho Law Review, Vol. 48, p. 321, 2012
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 28 Jun 2012
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 256 (145,977)

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synagriculture, synthetic biological agriculture, agriculture, genetically-modified crop, genetically-modified livestock, GM agriculture, GM crop, GM livestock, genetic engineering, genetically engineered crop, genetically engineered livestock, GE agriculture, GE crop, GE livestock, agricultural law

20.

Patent Expertise and the Regress of Useful Arts

Southern Illinois University Law Journal, Vol. 33, pp. 239-277, 2009
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 05 Feb 2010
Andrew W. Torrance and Bill Tomlinson
University of Kansas - School of Law and University of California, Irvine
Downloads 231 (161,246)

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Patent, innovation, open innovation, commons, open source, patent law, game, simulation, patent system, innovation, productivity, social utility, expertise, user innovation

21.
Downloads 222 (167,561)

Neurobiology and Patenting Thought

IDEA: The Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 50, pp. 27-48, 2009
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 05 Feb 2010
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 222 (167,150)

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Thought, patent, neurobiology, thought patent, mental steps doctrine, executive control, First Amendment, Thirteenth Amendment, patent law, patentability, patentable subject matter

Neurobiology and Patenting Thought

Gruter Institute Squaw Valley Conference 2009: Law, Behavior & the Brain
Posted: 15 May 2009
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law

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22.

Bringing Standards to Life: Synthetic Biology Standards and Intellectual Property

Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal, Vol. 30, No. 2, 2014
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 19 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2014
Andrew W. Torrance and Linda Kahl
University of Kansas - School of Law and The BioBricks Foundation
Downloads 192 (191,701)

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synthetic biology, patents, standards, law, policies, licensing, property rights, biosecurity

23.

The Unpatentable Human Being

Hastings Center Report, Vol. 43, No. 5 (2013): 10-11
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 11 Oct 2013
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 188 (195,335)

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Intellectual property, patent, patentability, patentable subject matter, human, human body, gene, DNA, embryonic stem cell, in vivo conversion, prodrug, metabolite, physiology, thought, mental step, Myriad, Prometheus, Bilski, Metabolite, synthetic DNA, copyright, 13th Amendment, biotechnology

24.

Free Medical Innovation by Patients – No Producers Required

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 12 Sep 2018
Harvard University - Massachusetts General Hospital, Copenhagen Business School, University of Kansas - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 158 (226,851)

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innovation, user innovation, patient innovation, medical innovation

25.

Family Law and the Genomic Revolution

University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review, Vol. 79, No. 2, pp. 271-282, 2010
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 23 Apr 2011
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 137 (254,775)

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Family law, genome, genomics, gene, DNA, child, parent, patent, genetic enhancement, medicine, diagnostic, therapeutic, gene therapy, synthetic biology, stem cell , intellectual property, enhancement, genetic enhancement

26.

Are Engineered Genetic Sequences Copyrightable?: The U.S. Copyright Office Addresses a Matter of First Impression

35 Biotechnology Law Report 103 (2016)
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 02 Oct 2016
Christopher M. Holman, Claes Gustafsson and Andrew W. Torrance
University of Missouri - Kansas City School of Law, Independent and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 113 (293,492)

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Copyright, Copyright Office, Copyright Registration, DNA Copyright, Gene Copyright, Synthetic Biology, Biotechnology, Genetic Engineering

27.

(R)evolution in Design Patentable Subject Matter: The Shifting Meaning of 'Article of Manufacture'

17 Stanford Technology Law Review 183 (2013)
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 08 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 10 Mar 2014
William Seymour and Andrew W. Torrance
Lando & Anastasi and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 99 (321,174)

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Design patent, design, patent, article of manufacture, computer generated image, intellectual property, patent law, design patent law

28.

A Natural Experiment on Innovation Without Patents

Festschrift for Eric von Hippel, Karim Lakhani and Dietmar Harhoff, eds. 2014
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 13 May 2015 Last Revised: 27 May 2015
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 84 (355,855)

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Innovation, patent, patent law, America Invents Act, Section 33, biotechnology, natural experiment, human, gene, stem cell, in vivo conversion, user innovation, open innovation, invention, Eric von Hippel

29.

Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues in the Earth BioGenome Project

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 06 May 2021
University of Illinois College of Law, The Smithsonian Institution, University at Buffalo Law School, Arizona State University (ASU) - School for the Future of Innovation in Society, University of Cambridge - Department of Genetics, National Institutes of Health (NIH) - National Human Genome Research Institute, George Washington University - Milken Institute School of Public Health, University of Waikato, The Smithsonian Institution, UC Davis, Johns Hopkins University - Berman Institute of Bioethics, Wellcome Sanger Institute, National Institutes of Health (NIH) - National Human Genome Research Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), University of Kansas - School of Law and Stanford Law School
Downloads 81 (371,814)

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genomics, ELSI, EBP, ABS, biodiversity

30.

When Patients Become Innovators

MIT Sloan Management Review, Spring 2019
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 15 Apr 2019
Harvard University - Massachusetts General Hospital, Copenhagen Business School, University of Kansas - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 71 (391,834)

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innovation, open innovation, patient innovation

31.

Better to Give than to Receive: An Uncommon Commons in Synthetic Biology

Governing Medical Knowledge Commons, 192-221 (Katherine J. Strandburg, Brett M. Frischmann, & Michael J. Madison, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2017).
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 13 Mar 2018
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 55 (445,538)

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invention, innovation, technology, technological innovation, user innovation, free innovation, collaborative innovation, open innovation, household innovation, intellectual property, patent

32.

Massively Distributed Authorship of Academic Papers

ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2012) Extended Abstracts (alt.chi)
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 08 Nov 2013
University of California, Irvine, University of Washington - The Information School, Carnegie Mellon University, Cornell University, Westmont College, Independent, Independent, University of British Columbia (UBC), Independent, University of Bergamo - Department of Human and Social Sciences, Technische Universität München (TUM), University of Kansas - School of Law, Independent, University of California, Irvine, IG Metall, Darmstadt University of Technology, Independent, Bogazici University, Independent, University of Puget Sound, Independent, Independent, University of California, Irvine, University of California, Irvine, Indiana University Bloomington - School of Informatics and Computing, Independent, Independent, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Independent, Independent and University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) - The Hilltop Institute
Downloads 50 (464,610)

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writing, crowdsourcing, collaboration, scholarship, research

33.

A Meeting of Innovation Minds

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 112, 2018
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 27 Feb 2018
Andrew W. Torrance and Eric A. von Hippel
University of Kansas - School of Law and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 49 (468,529)

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Invention, Innovation, Technology, Technological Innovation, User Innovation, Free Innovation, Collaborative Innovation, Open Innovation, Household Innovation, Intellectual Property, Patent

34.

Biotechnology Patent Law Top Ten of 2018 - Broad Wins, Sovereignty Loses, and Patents Dance

Akron Law Review, Vol. 52:637, 2019
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 10 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2019
Kevin Noonan and Andrew W. Torrance
McDonnell Boehnen Hulbert & Berghoff and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 39 (512,148)
Citation 1

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biotechnology, biotech, patent, obviousness, patentable subject matter, sovereign immunity, inter partes review, CRISPR, biosimilar, patent dance, inequitable conduct, infringement, combination invention

35.

'Environment-Selected Directors': An Interactive Simulation Experiment of Environmental Representation on Corporate Boards

Ecological Economics, Vol. 178, 2020
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 20 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 01 Dec 2020
University of California, Irvine, IG Metall, University of Kansas - School of Law, University of California, Irvine School of Law, University of California, Irvine, University of California, Irvine - Department of Informatics, University of California Irvine, University of California Irvine, University of California, Irvine - Department of Computer Science and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 25 (588,819)

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Stakeholder Representation, Corporate Boards, Environment, Non-human Personhood, Accountable Capitalism Act

36.

Biotechnology Patent Law Top Ten of 2019: Secret Sales, Denied Appeals, and the Promise of Coronavirus Cures

University of New Hampshire Law Review, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2021
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 28 Apr 2021
Kevin Noonan and Andrew W. Torrance
McDonnell Boehnen Hulbert & Berghoff and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 21 (615,485)

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biotechnology patent law, biotechnology, patent, 2019, litigation, enablement, novelty, obviousness, written description, best mode, doctrine of equivalents, interference, prosecution history estoppel

37.

User Innovation: A Novel Framework for Studying Animal Innovation within a Comparative Context

Animal Cognition, 2019
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 03 Oct 2019
Lydia Hopper and Andrew W. Torrance
Lester E. Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes, Lincoln Park Zoo and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 21 (615,485)

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user innovation, free innovation, problem solving, play, social learning, innovation, open innovation, evolution, animals, non-human innovation, tools, technology, origins of technology

38.

Fault Lines: An Empirical Legal Study of California Secession

Tomlinson, Bill and Torrance, Andrew W. (2020) "Fault Lines: An Empirical Legal Study of California Secession," Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law: Vol. 11 : Iss. 1 , Article 1. Available at: https://digitalcommons.law.seattleu.edu/sjteil/vol11/iss1/1
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 21 Feb 2021
Bill Tomlinson and Andrew W. Torrance
University of California, Irvine and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 16 (650,184)

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Secession, California, Legal Study, Empirical Study, California Secession

39.

Accountability with a Capital “Ism”: A Computational Simulation of the Accountable Capitalism Act vs. Delaware Corporate Law

B. Tomlinson, M. S. Silberman, A. W. Torrance, Y. Xie, R. W. Black, K. Squire, P. S. Atwal, A. Mandalik, and S. Railkar. 2020. “Accountability with a Capital ‘Ism’: A Computational Simulation of the Accountable Capitalism Act vs. Delaware Corporate Law.” Ohio State Technology Law Journal.
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
University of California, Irvine, IG Metall, University of Kansas - School of Law, University of California, Irvine, University of California, Irvine, University of California, Irvine - Department of Informatics, University of California Irvine, University of California Irvine and University of California, Irvine - Department of Computer Science
Downloads 13 (672,402)

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Stakeholder Representation, Corporate Boards, Accountable Capitalism Act, Delaware Corporate Law

40.

Judging Corporate Directors by the Companies They Keep: Results from An Interactive Simulation about the Motivations of Corporate Directors

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Law & Public Affairs 2020
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 07 Feb 2021
University of California, Irvine, University of Kansas - School of Law, University of California, Irvine, IG Metall, University of California, Irvine and University of California Irvine
Downloads 13 (672,402)

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41.

Canadian Inventors of U.S. Patents: An Empirical Study for the Canadian Ministry of Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 07 May 2019
Andrew W. Torrance and Jevin D. West
University of Kansas - School of Law and University of Washington
Downloads 13 (672,402)

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Patent, Innovation, Inventor, Canada, United States, Patent Importance, Patent Value, Innovation Policy, Litigation, Patent Litigation

42.

Beauty in the Eye of the Judicial Beholder

Gruter Institute Squaw Valley Conference: Law, Institutions & Human Behavior, 2011
Posted: 24 May 2011 Last Revised: 28 May 2011
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law

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43.

The Evolution and Development of Biolaw

Gruter Institute Squaw Valley Conference 2010: Law, Institutions & Human Behavior
Posted: 15 May 2010
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law

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Other Papers (2)

Total Downloads: 63
1.

Intellectual Property Issues and Synthetic Biology Standards

33 Nature Biotechnology 24 (2015)
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 13 Jan 2015
Jorge L. Contreras, Arti K. Rai and Andrew W. Torrance
University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law, Duke University School of Law and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 34

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standards, patent, synthetic biology, FRAND

2.

On the Question: Is Copyright the Way to Gain Intellectual Property Protection for DNA Sequences?

33 Biotechnology Law Report 139, 2014
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 20 Sep 2014
Christopher M. Holman and Andrew W. Torrance
University of Missouri - Kansas City School of Law and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 29

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