Henry S. Gao

Singapore Management University - School of Law

Associate Professor

55 Armenian Street

Singapore, 179943

Singapore

http://www.law.smu.edu.sg/faculty/law/henrygao.asp

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

40

DOWNLOADS
Rank 3,469

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 3,469

in Total Papers Downloads

12,971

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 15,006

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 15,006

in Total Papers Citations

24

CROSSREF CITATIONS

50

Scholarly Papers (40)

1.

China's Rise: How It Took on the U.S. at the WTO

University of Illinois Law Review, 2018 (1), 115-184. , UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2017-15, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 14/2017
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 20 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2021
Gregory Shaffer and Henry S. Gao
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 1,406 (15,967)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

China, WTO, legal capacity, dispute settlement, transnational legal ordering, two-level game, international trade law

2.

Law and COVID-19

Singapore Management University School of Law 2020
Number of pages: 256 Posted: 08 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 06 Oct 2020
Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - Department of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University School of Law, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University, Singapore Management University - Centre for AI & Data Governance, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - Lee Kong Chian School of Business, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University, Singapore Management University - School of Law and Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 947 (28,699)

Abstract:

Loading...

COVID-19, law, contract, commercial, corporate, insolvency, privacy, technology, AI, trust, governance, public law, dispute resolution, legal education, judicial system, society

3.

China's SOE Reform: Using WTO Rules to Build a Market Economy

International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 2019, Vol 68, Issue 4, 977-1022. doi:10.1017/S002058931900037X
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 11 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2020
Weihuan Zhou, Henry S. Gao and Xue Bai
University of New South Wales (UNSW) - Faculty of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law and University of New South Wales (UNSW) - Faculty of Law
Downloads 939 (29,091)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

Public International Law, China, State-Owned Enterprise, Market Economy, State Capitalism, WTO, Subsidies, Antidumping, Public Body, Dispute Settlement

4.

China's Participation in the WTO: A Lawyer's Perspective

Singapore Year Book of International Law, Vol. 11, pp. 41-74, 2007
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 25 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2018
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 908 (30,561)

Abstract:

Loading...

China, WTO, trade, antidumping, subsidy, safeguards, FTA, RTA, dispute settlement

5.

Google’s China Problem: A Case Study on Trade, Technology and Human Rights Under the GATS

Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy (AJWH), Vol. 6, pp. 347-385, 2011
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 24 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2015
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 879 (31,909)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, GATS, Internet, human rights, censorship, national treatment, MFN, domestic regulation, general exceptions, public morals, public order, services classification, telecommunication services, computer services

6.

A New Chinese Economic Order?

Journal of International Economic Law, forthcoming, 2020, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2019-21, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 31
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 12 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2020
Gregory Shaffer and Henry S. Gao
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 793 (36,694)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

7.

China’s Ascent in Global Trade Governance: From Rule Taker to Rule Shaker, and Maybe Rule Maker?

MAKING GLOBAL TRADE GOVERNANCE WORK FOR DEVELOPMENT, pp. 153-180, Carolyn Deere-Birkbeck, ed., Cambridge University Press, 2011
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 27 Nov 2011
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 627 (50,478)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

China, WTO, Doha Round, Dispute Settelement, FTA, RTA

8.

The Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (Cepa) between Mainland China and Hong Kong - Legal and Economic Analyses

Trading Arrangements in the Pacific Rim: ASEAN and APEC, September 2004
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 17 Apr 2006
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 504 (66,416)

Abstract:

Loading...

CEPA, WTO, China, Hong Kong, FTA, RTA, EIA, GATT, GATS, Dispute Settlement, Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement

9.

‘Overreaching’ or ‘Overreacting’? Reflections on the Judicial Function and Approaches of WTO Appellate Body

(2019) 53(6) Journal of World Trade 951-978, UNSW Law Research Paper No. 19-49, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 30/2019
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 12 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 30 Mar 2020
Weihuan Zhou and Henry S. Gao
University of New South Wales (UNSW) - Faculty of Law and Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 483 (70,052)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, WTO Appellate Body, Appellate Body, judicial overreach, trade remedy, TBT, US

10.

Procedural Issues in the Anti-Dumping Regulations of China: A Critical Review Under the WTO Rules

Chinese Journal of International Law, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 663-682, November 2006
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 30 Apr 2007
Henry S. Gao and Won M. Choi
Singapore Management University - School of Law and Ewha Womans University - Law
Downloads 477 (71,109)

Abstract:

Loading...

China, WTO, Dumping, Anto-dumping, Antidumping, Trade Law

11.

Digital or Trade? The Contrasting Approaches of China and US to Digital Trade

Journal of International Economic Law, Volume 21, Issue 2, 1 June 2018, Pages 297-321, DOI: 10.1093/jiel/jgy015
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 02 May 2018 Last Revised: 19 Feb 2019
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 458 (74,727)
Citation 8

Abstract:

Loading...

Digital Trade; Electronic Commerce; Doha Round; WTO; Trade Regulation

12.

Aggressive Legalism: The East Asian Experience and Lessons for China

CHINA'S PARTICIPATION IN THE WTO, Henry Gao, Donald Lewis, eds., Cameron May Publishers, November 2005
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 17 Apr 2006
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 458 (74,727)

Abstract:

Loading...

China, WTO, dispute settlement, Agressive Legalism, Korea, Japan, international trade, world trade organization

13.

The Mighty Pen, the Almighty Dollar, and the Holy Hammer and Sickle: An Examination of the Conflict between Trade Liberalization and Domestic Cultural Policy with Special Regard to the Recent Dispute between the United States and China on Restrictions on Certain Cultural Products

Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 313-344, September 2007
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 05 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 10 Oct 2012
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 335 (107,280)

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, China, International Trade, Dispute Settlement, Public International Law, Treaty Interpretation, Political Censorship, International Economic Law

14.

The RTA Strategy of China: A Critical Visit

CHALLENGES TO MULTILATERAL TRADE: THE IMPACT OF BILATERAL, PREFERENTIAL AND REGIONAL AGREEMENTS, pp. 55-66, Vai Io Lo and Laurence Boulle, eds., Kluwer Law International, 2008
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 19 Sep 2010
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 300 (120,936)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

China, FTA, RTA, Regionalism, WTO, Trade

15.

The Bid Challenge Procedures under the WTO Government Procurement Agreement: A Critical Study of the Hong Kong Experience

Public Procurement Law Review, Vol. 16, pp. 211-254, 2007
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 22 Aug 2007
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 294 (123,478)

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, Government Procurement Agreement, GPA, Bid Challenge

16.

Selected Issues in TPP Negotiations and Implications for China

Jiaxiang Hu & Matthias Vanhullebusch (eds.), REGIONAL COOPERATION AND FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS IN ASIA, Brill Academic Publishers, pp. 77-98, 2014, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 32/2014
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 17 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2017
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 280 (129,980)

Abstract:

Loading...

TPP, FTA, WTO, China

17.

Data Regulation with Chinese Characteristics

SMU Centre for AI & Data Governance Research Paper No. 2019/04, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 28/2019, in Mira Burri (ed), Big Data and Global Trade Law, Cambridge University Press, 2020.
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 05 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 10 Jul 2020
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 268 (136,048)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, e-commerce, digital trade, data

18.

Elephant in the Room: Challenges of Integrating China into the WTO System

Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp.137-168, March 2011
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 27 Apr 2011
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 265 (137,691)

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, international trade, trade negotiation, Doha Round, Free Trade Agreements, Dispute Settlement, China

19.

Disruptive Construction or Constructive Destruction? Reflections on the Appellate Body Crisis

Chang-fa Lo, Jinji Nakagawa, and Tsai-yu Lin eds., The Appellate Body of the WTO and Its Reform, Springer 2019, pp. 215-238.Doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-0255-2_13. , Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 29
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 18 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2020
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 250 (145,918)

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, Appellate Body, Dispute Settlement, Stare Decisis, Precedent, Common Law, Civil Law

20.

The RCEP: Great Power Competition and Cooperation over Trade

UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2021-09
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 02 Feb 2021
Henry S. Gao and Gregory Shaffer
Singapore Management University - School of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 246 (149,431)

Abstract:

Loading...

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, digital trade, rules of origin, global supply chains, US-China competition

21.

Regulation of Digital Trade in US Free Trade Agreements: From Trade Regulation to Digital Regulation

Legal Issues of Economic Integration 45, no. 1 (2018): 47–70.
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 16 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 23 Jul 2019
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 240 (151,887)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

TPP, e-commerce, digital trade, FTA, WTO, GATS

22.

China-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement

Simon Lester & Bryan Mercurio (eds.), Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements: Case Studies, Cambridge University Press, pp. 77-96, 2016, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 4/2016
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 08 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 29 Feb 2016
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 240 (152,472)

Abstract:

Loading...

FTA, RTA, China, New Zealand, Trade law

23.

Across the Great Wall: E-commerce Joint Statement Initiative Negotiation and China

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 02 Jan 2021
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 238 (153,060)

Abstract:

Loading...

trade, WTO, E-commcer, digital trade, JSI

24.

From the P4 to the TPP: Transplantation or Transformation?

C.L. Lim, Deborah Elms, Patrick Low (eds.), The Trans-Pacific Partnership: A Quest For A 21st Century Trade Agreement, Cambridge University Press, November 2012, pp. 64-81 , Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 10/2013
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 11 May 2013 Last Revised: 26 Aug 2013
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 190 (189,110)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

TPP, WTO, FTA, P4

25.

The WTO Transparency Obligations and China

The Journal of Comparative Law, 2018, 12 (2), 329-355
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 17 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 05 Mar 2018
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 154 (226,527)
Citation 5

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, China, Transparency, Notifications

26.

From the Doha Round to the China Round: China's Growing Role in WTO Negotiations

Lisa Toohey, and Jonathan Greenacre (eds.), CHINA IN THE NEW INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC ORDER: NEW DIRECTIONS AND CHANGING PARADIGMS, Cambridge University Press, 2015, pp. 79-97.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 04 May 2018 Last Revised: 08 Apr 2020
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 106 (302,395)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Loading...

China, WTO, Doha Round, FTA, developing country

27.

Public-Private Partnership: The Chinese Dilemma

Gao, Henry. ‘Public-Private Partnership: The Chinese Dilemma’. Journal of World Trade 48, no. 5 (2014): 983–1006.
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Jan 2017
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 105 (302,395)

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, China, public-private partnership, WTO disputes, dispute settlement

28.

China and Trade and Investment Liberalization

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 07 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 06 Jan 2021
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 96 (320,711)

Abstract:

Loading...

29.

Taking Justice Into Your Own Hand: The Trade Barrier Investigation Mechanism in China

Journal of World Trade 44, no. 3, pp. 633-659, (2010), Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 13/2013
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 10 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 26 Aug 2013
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 88 (338,864)

Abstract:

Loading...

China, WTO, trade, Trade Barrier Investigation, Section 301, public-private partnership

30.

Dispute Settlement Provisions in Asean's External Economic Agreements with China, Japan and Korea

ASEAN Law in the New Regional Economic Order: Global Trends and Shifting Paradigms, Cambridge University Press (Pasha L. Hsieh & Bryan Mercurio eds., 2019, pp. 64-82. Doi.org/10.1017/9781108563208.005
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 22 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2020
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 78 (364,078)

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, FTA, ASEAN, RCEP, China, Trade

31.

Can WTO Law Keep Up with the Internet?

Forthcoming in the proceedings of the ASIL 108th Annual Meeting/ILA 76th Biennial Conference, p.1-7, 2014, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 33/2014
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 21 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 03 Dec 2014
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 74 (375,162)

Abstract:

Loading...

32.

The Shifting Stars: The Rise of China, Emerging Economies and the Future of World Trade Governance

Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz, Christophe Bellmann and Miguel Rodriguez Mendoza (eds.), THE FUTURE AND THE WTO: CONFRONTING THE CHALLENGES, ICTSD, Geneva, 2012, 74-79.
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 62 (412,134)

Abstract:

Loading...

China, Free Trade Agreements, International Trade

33.

China's Strategy for Free Trade Agreements: Political Battle in the Name of Trade

Ross Buckley, Richard Hu and Douglas Arner (eds.),East Asian Economic Integration: Law, Trade and Finance, Edward Elgar, pp. 104-120, 2011, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 11/2013
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 11 May 2013 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2019
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 54 (440,061)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

RTA, FTA, China, Trade, WTO

34.

Law’s Role in Chinese Value Chains

UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2021-05
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 19 Jan 2021 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2021
Henry S. Gao and Gregory Shaffer
Singapore Management University - School of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 47 (467,094)

Abstract:

Loading...

global value chains, design and production networks, china, Chinese law

35.

Taming the Dragon: China's Experience in the WTO Dispute Settlement System

Legal Issues of Economic Integration, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 369-392, 2007
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 20 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 15 Aug 2017
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 33 (531,313)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, China, Dispute Settlement, Trade, World Trade, International Trade, Panel, Appellate Body, Legalism

36.

Saving the WTO from the Risk of Irrelevance: The WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism as a ‘Common Good’ for RTA Disputes

Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 11, Issue 4, pp. 899-925, 2008
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 21 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2017
Henry S. Gao and C. L. Lim
Singapore Management University - School of Law and The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Downloads 31 (541,757)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

37.

Trading Through a Pandemic: The Singaporean Experience

Global Trade and Customs Journal Volume 16, Issue 1 (2021) pp. 11 – 24
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 02 Mar 2021
Henry S. Gao, Dhiraj Chainani and Siu Farn Chew
Singapore Management University - School of Law, Attorney-General's Chambers Singapore and Independent
Downloads 18 (623,162)

Abstract:

Loading...

COVID, trade, WTO, FTA, Singapore

38.

US - China Trade War: A Way Out?

Forthcoming (2020) World Trade Review, UNSW Business School Research Paper No. 20-28
Posted: 27 May 2020
Weihuan Zhou and Henry S. Gao
University of New South Wales (UNSW) - Faculty of Law and Singapore Management University - School of Law

Abstract:

Loading...

US, China, trade relations, bilateral negotiations, WTO rules, multilateral trading, protectionist, trade distortive, non-protectionist, inclusive trade, Theory of Distortions and Welfare

39.

Dictum on Dicta: Obiter Dicta in WTO Disputes

17 World Trade Review 509–533 (2018), DOI: 10.1017/S1474745618000162
Posted: 13 May 2018 Last Revised: 11 Feb 2019
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, Obiter Dicta, Precedent, Appellate Body, Common Law

40.

Commentaries on Reference Paper on Basic Telecommunications

Henry Gao, Telecommunications Services: Reference Paper, in Rüdiger Wolfrum and Peter-Tobias Stoll (eds), MAX PLANCK COMMENTARIES ON WORLD TRADE LAW, VOLUME VI: “WTO – TRADE IN SERVICES”, Brill (Martinus Nijhoff) Publishers, 2008, pp.718-747, 2008
Posted: 04 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2018
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law

Abstract:

Loading...

WTO, Telecom, Reference Paper