Danielle Keats Citron

University of Virginia School of Law

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

46

DOWNLOADS
Rank 378

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 378

in Total Papers Downloads

58,312

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 6,734

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 6,734

in Total Papers Citations

105

CROSSREF CITATIONS

94

Scholarly Papers (46)

1.

Deep Fakes: A Looming Challenge for Privacy, Democracy, and National Security

107 California Law Review 1753 (2019), U of Texas Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 692, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-21
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 21 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 17 Dec 2019
Robert Chesney and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Texas School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 17,715 (197)
Citation 58

Abstract:

Loading...

Deep Fake, Deep Fakes, deepfake, deepfakes, Section 230, CDA, Communications Decency Act, fake news, democracy, privacy, sexploitation, gendered violence, social media, cognitive bias, filter bubble, truth decay, information operations, psyops, First Amendment, speech, expression, democracy

2.

Criminalizing Revenge Porn

Wake Forest Law Review, Vol. 49, 2014, p. 345+, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-1
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 19 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2016
Danielle Keats Citron and Mary Anne Franks
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Miami School of Law
Downloads 4,811 (2,162)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

invasion of privacy

3.

The Scored Society: Due Process for Automated Predictions

Washington Law Review, Vol. 89, 2014, p. 1-, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-8
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 08 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 23 Apr 2014
Danielle Keats Citron and Frank A. Pasquale
University of Virginia School of Law and Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 4,507 (2,429)
Citation 24

Abstract:

Loading...

Big Data, predictions, artificial intelligence

4.

Risk and Anxiety: A Theory of Data Breach Harms

96 Texas Law Review 737 (2018), GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2017-2, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-2, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-3
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 15 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 18 Mar 2018
Daniel J. Solove and Danielle Keats Citron
George Washington University Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 3,046 (4,788)
Citation 16

Abstract:

Loading...

Data Breach, Data Security, Cybersecurity, Harms, Clapper, Spokeo, Standing, Privacy

5.

Cyber Civil Rights

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 89, pp. 61-125, 2009, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-41
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 22 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2014
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 2,609 (6,177)

Abstract:

Loading...

cyber crime, Web 2.0, civil rights

6.

Technological Due Process

U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2007-26, Washington University Law Review, Vol. 85, pp. 1249-1313, 2007
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 06 Sep 2007 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2015
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 2,417 (6,998)
Citation 13

Abstract:

Loading...

Administrative Law, Information Technology, Cyber law

7.

Privacy Harms

GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-11, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2021-11
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 18 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 16 Mar 2021
Danielle Keats Citron and Daniel J. Solove
University of Virginia School of Law and George Washington University Law School
Downloads 2,199 (8,154)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Loading...

8.

Intermediaries and Hate Speech: Fostering Digital Citizenship for Our Information Age

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 91, p. 1435, 2011, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-16
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 21 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2014
Danielle Keats Citron and Helen L. Norton
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Colorado Law School
Downloads 1,823 (11,056)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

cyber hate, hate speech, digital citizenship

9.

Sexual Privacy

128 Yale Law Journal 1870 (2019), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-25
Number of pages: 92 Posted: 23 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 12 May 2019
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,683 (12,573)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

sexual privacy, revenge porn, deep fake, section 230

10.

The Internet Will Not Break: Denying Bad Samaritans Section 230 Immunity

Fordham Law Review, Forthcoming, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-22
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 Jul 2017
Danielle Keats Citron and Benjamin Wittes
University of Virginia School of Law and Brookings Institution
Downloads 1,513 (14,883)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

Section 230, Communications Decency Act, Cyberharassment, Social Media, Internet Regulation, Platform Liability, Section 230 Immunity, First Amendment, Revenge Porn

11.

The Privacy Policymaking of State Attorneys General

92 Notre Dame Law Review 747 (2016), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-08
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 17 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2017
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,152 (22,553)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

privacy, bankruptcy, transparency, data breach, consumer protection, financial privacy, data security, UDAP

12.

The Internet As a Speech Machine and Other Myths Confounding Section 230 Reform

Boston Univ. School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 20-8
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 07 Feb 2020 Last Revised: 23 Jun 2020
Danielle Keats Citron and Mary Anne Franks
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Miami School of Law
Downloads 1,124 (23,367)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Loading...

13.

Law's Expressive Value in Combating Cyber Gender Harassment

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 108, p. 373 - 2009, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-11
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 03 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,072 (25,028)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

sexual harassment, online harassment, cyber gender harassment, gender discrimination

14.

Hate Crimes in Cyberspace - Introduction

Hate Crimes in Cyberspace, Harvard University Press (2014), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-11
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 12 Jun 2015
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 945 (30,004)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

civil rights, legal reform, free speech, harassers, social attitudes, networked technologies, cyber harassment

15.

The Automated Administrative State: A Crisis of Legitimacy

Emory Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 03 Apr 2020
Ryan Calo and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Washington - School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 914 (31,549)

Abstract:

Loading...

automation, administrative law

16.

The Right to Quantitative Privacy

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 98, 2013, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper, 2013-23
Number of pages: 83 Posted: 06 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 07 Nov 2013
David C. Gray and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 753 (41,087)

Abstract:

Loading...

17.

The Problem Isn't Just Backpage: Revising Section 230 Immunity

2 Georgetown Law Technology Review 453 (2018), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-22
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 02 Aug 2018
Danielle Keats Citron and Benjamin Wittes
University of Virginia School of Law and Brookings Institution
Downloads 723 (43,406)

Abstract:

Loading...

section 230, communications decency, Backpage, sex trafficking, online terrorism, First Amendment, immunity, cybercrime, free expression, online abuse,

18.

Network Accountability for the Domestic Intelligence Apparatus

Hastings Law Journal, Vol. 62, p. 1441, 2011, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-48
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 22 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 04 Mar 2014
Danielle Keats Citron and Frank A. Pasquale
University of Virginia School of Law and Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 703 (45,073)

Abstract:

Loading...

intelligence, fusion centers, civil liberties, information privacy

19.

Extremist Speech, Compelled Conformity, and Censorship Creep

93 Notre Dame Law Review 1035 (2018), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-12
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 29 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2018
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 671 (47,988)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

counterterrorism, social media, EU, hate speech, radicalization, fake news, European Internet Forum, censorship creep, terms of service, transparency, hash, free expression

20.

Reservoirs of Danger: The Evolution of Public and Private Law at the Dawn of the Information Age

Southern California Law Review, Vol. 80, No. 2, pp. 241-297, 2007, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2006-29
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 06 Sep 2006 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2015
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 648 (50,195)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

torts, technology, privacy

21.

Four Principles for Digital Expression (You Won't Believe #3!)

U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-15, 95 Washington University Law Review 1353 (2018)
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 09 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2020
Danielle Keats Citron and Neil M. Richards
University of Virginia School of Law and Washington University School of Law
Downloads 609 (54,469)

Abstract:

Loading...

22.

Cyber Mobs, Disinformation, and Death Videos: The Internet As It Is (And As It Should Be)

Michigan Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Aug 2019
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 526 (65,393)

Abstract:

Loading...

privacy, free speech, torts, Section 230, platform liability, cyber harassment

23.

A New Compact for Sexual Privacy

William & Mary Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 26 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2020
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 492 (71,050)

Abstract:

Loading...

24.

A Technology-Centered Approach to Quantitative Privacy

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 15 Aug 2012
David C. Gray and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 477 (73,779)

Abstract:

Loading...

Fourth Amendment, Privacy Law, United States v. Jones

25.

Mainstreaming Privacy Torts

California Law Review, Vol. 98, p. 1805, 2010, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-16
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 05 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2014
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 375 (97,870)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

invasion of privacy

26.

Minimum Contacts in a Borderless World: Voice Over Internet Protocol and the Coming Implosion of Personal Jurisdiction Theory

UC Davis Law Review, Vol. 39, No. 4, April 2006, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2005-51
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 04 Oct 2005
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 360 (102,558)

Abstract:

Loading...

Law and technology, jurisdiction, Voice over Internet Protocol

27.

Addressing Cyber Harassment: An Overview of Hate Crimes in Cyberspace

Case Western Reserve Journal of Law, Technology & the Internet, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2015, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-9
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 15 Mar 2017
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 317 (117,954)

Abstract:

Loading...

Cyber Harassment, Cyberspace, Hate Crime, Cyber Stalking, Cyber Civil Rights, GamerGate, Revenge Porn, Nonconsensual Pornography, Terms-Of-Service, First Amendment

28.

Addressing the Harm of Total Surveillance: A Reply to Professor Neil Richards

Harvard Law Review Forum, Vol. 126, p. 262, 2013, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-32
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 27 Jun 2013
Danielle Keats Citron and David C. Gray
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 316 (118,352)

Abstract:

Loading...

29.

Fulfilling Government 2.0's Promise with Robust Privacy Protections

George Washington Law Review, Vol. 78, p. A-101, 2010, University of Maryland Legal Studies Research, 2009-41
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2014
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 312 (120,000)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

information privacy, social media, government, social networks

30.

Fighting Cyber-Crime After United States v. Jones

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 103, No. 3, 2013, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-49
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 30 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2014
David C. Gray, Danielle Keats Citron and Liz Rinehart
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, University of Virginia School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 288 (130,610)

Abstract:

Loading...

Fourth Amendment, privacy, United States v. Jones

31.

Section 230's Challenge to Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

Knight First Amendment Institute, Emerging Threats Series (2018), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-18
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 11 Jun 2018
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 280 (134,521)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

civil rights, civil liberties, cda, section 230, communications decency act, Sylvain, social networks, ISP, cyber harassment, racism, sexism

32.

A Shattered Looking Glass: The Pitfalls and Potential of the Mosaic Theory of Fourth Amendment Privacy

North Carolina Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2013, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper 2013-33
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 02 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2014
David C. Gray and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 274 (137,606)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

33.

A Poor Mother's Right to Privacy: A Review

98 Boston University Law Review (2018, Forthcoming), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-01
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 11 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 19 Jan 2018
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 256 (147,415)

Abstract:

Loading...

Khiara Bridges, indigent mothers, privacy, personal data, due process, reciprocity, state surveillance, government assistance, right to information privacy

34.

Visionary Pragmatism and the Value of Privacy in the Twenty-First Century

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 108, p. 1170, 2010, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-2
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 05 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2010
Danielle Keats Citron and Leslie Meltzer Henry
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 253 (149,135)

Abstract:

Loading...

information privacy, cyberspace law

35.

Brief of Scholars of the History and Original Meaning of the Fourth Amendment as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioner in Carpenter v. United States

Southwestern Law School Research Paper No. 2017-10
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 31 Aug 2017
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, Georgetown University Law Center, Boston University - School of Law, University of Virginia School of Law, Emory University School of Law, Independent, Southwestern Law School, Penn State Law and School of International Affairs, University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, The Ordered Liberty Program, University of Louisville School of Law and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - Rutgers Law School
Downloads 249 (151,540)

Abstract:

Loading...

Fourth Amendment, Originalism, Cell Site Location Information

36.

Spying Inc.

Washington and Lee Law Review, Vol. 72, No. 3, 2015, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-2
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 24 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2015
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 241 (156,319)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

information privacy, spying, stalking, surveillance, technology, smartphone, domestic abuse, hate crimes, reform, snapchat, geolocation data, privacy protection

37.

Promoting Innovation While Preventing Discrimination: Policy Goals for the Scored Society

Washington Law Review, Vol. 89, pp. 1413-24, 2014, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-1
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 21 Jan 2015
Frank A. Pasquale and Danielle Keats Citron
Brooklyn Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 231 (162,830)

Abstract:

Loading...

discrimination, privacy, Zarsky, networked identities, data collection practices, big data, surveillance, digital records, consumer credit, algorithms, cyberlaw

38.

When Law Frees Us to Speak

Fordham Law Review, 2019, Vol. 87, at p. 2317 (Forthcoming), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-01
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 03 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2019
Danielle Keats Citron and Jon Penney
University of Virginia School of Law and
Downloads 229 (164,225)

Abstract:

Loading...

online abuse, cyber harassment, expressive role of law, online engagement, sexual privacy, expressive theory, cyber civil rights,

39.
Downloads 218 (172,142)

Why Sexual Privacy Matters for Trust

Washington University Law Review, Forthcoming, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-02
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 15 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 16 Mar 2019
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 152 (237,068)

Abstract:

Loading...

Why Sexual Privacy Matters for Trust

Washington University Law Review, Vol. 96, No. 6, 2019, Boston Univ. School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-31, November 2019
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 14 Nov 2019
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 66 (416,572)

Abstract:

Loading...

40.

Government Speech 2.0

Denver University Law Review, Vol. 87, p. 899, 2010, U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-10, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-12
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 28 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 19 Sep 2018
Helen L. Norton and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Colorado Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 203 (183,978)

Abstract:

Loading...

First Amendment, government speech, constitutional law, cyberlaw, Twitter, social media, transparency

41.

Open Code Governance

University of Chicago Legal Forum, 2008, p. 355-387., U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-1
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 09 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2014
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 192 (193,546)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

open source

42.

The Roots of Sexual Privacy: Warren and Brandeis & the Privacy of Intimate Life

42 Columbia Journal of Law & the Arts 383 (2019), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-06
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 06 May 2019
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 185 (200,111)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

sexual privacy, identity formation, privacy tort, right to be let alone

43.

What to Do About the Emerging Threat of Censorship Creep on the Internet

Cato Institute Policy Analysis No. 828, Nov. 28, 2017, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-07
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 07 Mar 2018
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 170 (215,289)

Abstract:

Loading...

free speech, internet platforms, social media, European Union, first amendment, censorship creep, hate speech, hashing, extremist speech, terms of service agreements, public-private partnerships, government overreach, transparency report

44.

Cyber Civil Rights: Looking Forward

Denver University Law Review Online, Vol. 87, 2010, University of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-17
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 02 Apr 2010
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 113 (296,239)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

45.

Online Engagement on Equal Terms

U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-34
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 10 Oct 2015
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 104 (313,778)

Abstract:

Loading...

cyber harassment, revenge porn, hate speech, hate crimes, non-consensual pornography, cyber civil rights, civil liberties, twitter, EFF

46.

Standing and Privacy Harms: A Critique of TransUnion v. Ramirez

101 Boston University Law Review Online 62 (2021)
Number of pages: 10
Daniel J. Solove and Danielle Keats Citron
George Washington University Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 14

Abstract:

Loading...

standing, privacy, TransUnion v. Ramirez, Spokeo v. Robins, FCRA, Fair Credit Reporting Act, private right of action