Andrew G. Biggs

American Enterprise Institute

Resident Scholar

1150 17th Street N.W.

Washington, DC 20036

United States

http://www.aei.org

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

55

DOWNLOADS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 15,471

in Total Papers Downloads

3,881

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 12,546

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 12,546

in Total Papers Citations

33

CROSSREF CITATIONS

62

Scholarly Papers (55)

1.

Funding Direct Payments to Americans Through Social Security Deferral

Stanford University Graduate School of Business Research Paper No. 3580533
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Apr 2020
Andrew G. Biggs and Joshua D. Rauh
American Enterprise Institute and Stanford Graduate School of Business
Downloads 491 (70,303)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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stimulus checks, economic stimulus payments, Social Security, COVID-19 policy

2.

The Life Cycle Model, Replacement Rates, and Retirement Income Adequacy

AEI Economics Working Paper 2016-11
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 15 Sep 2016
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 214 (173,017)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Social Security, Replacement Rates, Retirement Saving, Retirement Income, Life Cycle Model

3.

How Much Time Do Teachers Spend Working? Evidence from the American Time Use Survey.

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 19 Aug 2016
Jason Richwine and Andrew G. Biggs
Independent and American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 209 (176,954)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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teacher compensation, time use, work year

4.

Comparing Federal and Private Sector Compensation

American Enterprise Institute Working Paper No. 2011-02
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 26 Jan 2012
Andrew G. Biggs and Jason Richwine
American Enterprise Institute and Independent
Downloads 174 (208,572)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Public Employees, Compensation

5.

Alternate Measures of Replacement Rates for Social Security Benefits and Retirement Income

Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 68, No. 2, 2008
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 17 Nov 2008
Glenn Springstead and Andrew G. Biggs
Social Security Administration and American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 155 (229,986)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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replacement rate, Social Security, retirement income

6.

Will You Have Enough to Retire on?: The Retirement Security 'Crisis'

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 21 Feb 2009
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 147 (240,229)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Social Security, retirement income, pensions

Alternative Methods of Price Indexing Social Security: Implications for Benefits and System Financing

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 27 May 2005
Andrew G. Biggs, Jeffrey R. Brown and Glenn Springstead
American Enterprise Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Finance and Social Security Administration
Downloads 104 (312,169)

Abstract:

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Social Security reform, public pensions, solvency

Alternative Methods of Price Indexing Social Security: Implications for Benefits and System Financing

NBER Working Paper No. w11406
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 06 Jul 2005 Last Revised: 03 Mar 2021
Andrew G. Biggs, Jeffrey R. Brown and Glenn Springstead
American Enterprise Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Finance and Social Security Administration
Downloads 42 (507,583)

Abstract:

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8.

What's Happening with Retirement Saving and Retirement Incomes? Better Data Tell a Better Story

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 12 Sep 2016
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 141 (248,460)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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retirement saving, Social Security, pensions, retirement income

9.

Public Sector Pensions and the Covid-19 Shock

Mercatus Special Edition Policy Brief
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 05 May 2020
Andrew G. Biggs and Eileen Norcross
American Enterprise Institute and George Mason University - Mercatus Center
Downloads 120 (280,787)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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government pensions, retirement accounts, healthcare, coronavirus, coronavirus pandemic, COVID-19, public health, economics, quarantine, economy, economic crisis

10.

How the Coronavirus Could Permanently Cut Near-Retirees’ Social Security Benefits

Wharton Pension Research Council Working Paper No. 2020-6
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 06 Apr 2020
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 120 (280,787)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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retirement, Social Security, Coronavirus, payroll contraction

11.

An Options Pricing Method for Calculating the Market Price of Public Sector Pension Liabilities

AEI (American Enterprise Institute) Working Paper No. 164
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 06 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2010
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 115 (289,376)
Citation 10

Abstract:

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12.

The Impact of Act 10 on Public Sector Compensation in Wisconsin

AEI Economic Policy Working Paper 2012-02
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 27 Mar 2013
Andrew G. Biggs and Jason Richwine
American Enterprise Institute and Independent
Downloads 101 (316,393)

Abstract:

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13.

Changes to Household Retirement Savings Since 1989

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 Oct 2020
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 96 (326,843)

Abstract:

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retirement, pensions, Social Security

The Crisis in Public Sector Pension Plans: A Blueprint for Reform in New Jersey

George Mason University Mercatus Center Working Paper No. 10-31
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 26 Jan 2012
Andrew G. Biggs and Eileen Norcross
American Enterprise Institute and George Mason University - Mercatus Center
Downloads 58 (440,142)

Abstract:

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Public Pensions, State Employees

The Crisis in Public Sector Pension Plans: A Blueprint for Reform in New Jersey

Mercatus Working Paper, No. 10-31
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 06 Sep 2018
Eileen Norcross and Andrew G. Biggs
George Mason University - Mercatus Center and American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 34 (548,824)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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New Jersey, pensions, debt, retirement, public sector workers, benefits, budget

15.

The Market Value of Public-Sector Pension Deficits

Retirement Policy Outlook, No. 1, p. 1, April 2010
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 26 Jan 2012
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 85 (352,657)

Abstract:

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Public Pensions, State Employees, Retirement Policy

16.

The Case for Raising Social Security’s Early Retirement Age

Retirement Policy Outlook, No. 3, p. 1, October 2010
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 26 Jan 2012
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 84 (355,140)

Abstract:

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Social Security, Early Retirement, Budget

17.

A Progressivity Index for Social Security

Issue Paper No. 2009-01, January 2009
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 10 Feb 2009
Andrew G. Biggs, Mark Sarney and Christopher R. Tamborini
American Enterprise Institute, Social Security Administration and U.S. Social Security Administration
Downloads 82 (360,394)

Abstract:

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modeling, MINT, retirees, retirement income, progressivity index, OASDI

18.

Social Insecurity? Personal Accounts and the Stock Market Collapse

American Enterprise Institute for Public Retirement Policy Research No. 1
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 08 Dec 2008
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 72 (388,110)

Abstract:

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Social Security, private accounts, Lifetime portfolio selection, portfolio choice, pensions, old age insurance, social insurance, stock market, returns, historical simulation, life cycle portfolio

19.

Social Security and Marginal Returns to Work Near Retirement

Social Security Issue Paper No. 2009-02
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 17 Jul 2009
Gayle Reznik, David A. Weaver and Andrew G. Biggs
U.S. Social Security Administration, Social Security Administration and American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 65 (409,825)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Social Security, return to work, MINT

20.

How Much Should the Poor Save for Retirement? Data and Simulations on Retirement Income Adequacy Among Low-Earning Households

(2019) Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers. 537, Wharton Pension Research Council Working Paper No. 2019-15
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 12 Nov 2019
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 64 (413,087)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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retirement, Social Security, poverty

21.

Improving the Social Security Statement

Financial Literacy Center Working Paper No. WR-794-SSA
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 26 Jan 2012
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 63 (416,501)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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Social Security

22.

Tax and Spending Reform for Fiscal Stability and Economic Growth

AEI Economic Perspectives, May 2015
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 06 Jan 2016
Joseph Antos, Andrew G. Biggs, Alex Brill and Alan D. Viard
American Enterprise Institute (AEI), American Enterprise Institute, American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 57 (437,358)

Abstract:

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tax, budget, Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, progressive consumption tax

Don't Raise Social Security Taxes: But If It's Necessary, Here's How

American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, No. 1, January 2013
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 06 Jun 2013
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 36 (537,794)

Abstract:

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Social Security, taxes, entitlements, retirement

Don't Raise Social Security Taxes: But If It's Necessary, Here's How

AEI Retirement Policy Outlook, 2013, No. 1
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 27 Mar 2013
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 21 (634,272)

Abstract:

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24.

Public Sector Pensions: How Well Funded Are They, Really?

State Budget Solutions, July 2012
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 23 Mar 2013
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 57 (437,358)

Abstract:

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25.

Is There a Retirement Crisis? Examining Retirement Planning in the Household and Government Sectors

Mercatus Research Paper
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 03 Oct 2017
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 53 (452,089)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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retirement, public pensions, Social Security, entitlements, state and local government finance, federal government finance

26.

The Social Security Earnings Test: The Tax That Wasn't

Number of pages: 4 Posted: 22 Jul 2008
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 53 (452,089)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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old-age retirement benefits, retirement earnings test, Social Security

27.

Will Your Social Insurance Pay Off? Making Social Security Progressivity Work for Low-Income Retirees

American Enterprise Institute for Publicv Policy Research, No. 1, January 2009
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 13 May 2009
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 50 (463,743)

Abstract:

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Social Security, social insurance, progressivity

28.

How Do Children Affect the Need to Save for Retirement?

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 05 Feb 2020
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 49 (467,693)

Abstract:

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retirement saving, children

29.

Critical Issues in Assessing Teacher Compensation

Heritage Foundation Backgrounder No. 2638
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 27 Mar 2013
Jason Richwine and Andrew G. Biggs
Independent and American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 47 (475,843)

Abstract:

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30.

Fiscal Solutions: A Balanced Plan for Fiscal Stability and Economic Growth

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 26 Jan 2012
Joseph Antos, Andrew G. Biggs, Alex Brill and Alan D. Viard
American Enterprise Institute (AEI), American Enterprise Institute, American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 47 (475,843)

Abstract:

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Fiscal Policy, Budget Deficit, Public Debt

31.

The Treatment of Married Women by the Social Security Retirement Program

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 21 Nov 2010
Andrew G. Biggs, Gayle Reznik and Nada Eissa
American Enterprise Institute, U.S. Social Security Administration and Georgetown University
Downloads 46 (479,988)

Abstract:

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social security, benefits, women, MINT

32.

What Every American Needs to Know About Government Entitlement Reform

Retirement Policy Outlook, No. 2, p. 1, September 2010
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 26 Jan 2012
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 41 (501,974)

Abstract:

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Entitlement, Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, Budget

33.

Understanding the True Cost of State and Local Pensions

State Tax Notes, Vol. 63, No. 7, 2012
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 27 Mar 2013
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 40 (506,568)

Abstract:

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34.

Financial Advisors' Role in Influencing Social Security Claiming

RAND Working Paper Series WR-894-SSA
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 10 Dec 2011
Mathew Greenwald, Andrew G. Biggs and Lisa Schneider
affiliation not provided to SSRN, American Enterprise Institute and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 40 (506,568)

Abstract:

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35.

The State of Public Pension Funding: Are Government Employee Plans Back on Track?

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 Aug 2017
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 39 (511,172)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Public Sector Pensions, State and Local Government Finance, Retirement Plans

36.
Downloads 39 (511,172)

Abstract:

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Social Security, retirement income, Supplemental Security Income, immigration

37.

Public Sector Pensions in Nebraska: Are Cash Balance Plans the Answer?

Platte Institute Policy Study, October 2011
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 27 Mar 2013
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 36 (525,656)

Abstract:

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38.

Policies to Improve the Resiliency of Long-Term Social Security Financing

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 25 Jul 2008
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 32 (546,378)

Abstract:

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old-age retirement benefits, uncertainty, demographics

39.

Public Employee Pensions in Missouri: A Looming Crisis

Show-Me Institute Policy Study, No. 36, March 2013
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 23 Mar 2013
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 29 (563,015)

Abstract:

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40.

A Diet COLA for Social Security? Not Really

AEI Retirement Policy Outlook, No. 5, 2009
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 29 Oct 2009
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 27 (575,015)

Abstract:

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Social Security, inflation, COLA, cost of living adjustment

41.

Entitlements: Not Just a Health Care Problem

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 10 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 09 Dec 2008
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 27 (575,015)

Abstract:

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entitlements, Social Security, Medicare, fiscal gap

42.

An Analysis of Connecticut's Public Employee Retirement Plans

Mercatus Research Series
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 Aug 2020
Andrew G. Biggs and Tracy Miller
American Enterprise Institute and Mercatus Center at George Mason University
Downloads 25 (587,664)

Abstract:

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state and local budget and expenditures, retirement, state and local government, health, education, welfare, public pensions

43.

Reforming Nevada's Public Employees Pension Plan

Nevada Policy Research Institute Analysis, November 2011
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 27 Mar 2013
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 24 (594,211)

Abstract:

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44.

Exploring Alternate Ways to Present Estimated Future Retirement Benefits in the Social Security Statement

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 26 Jan 2012
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 23 (600,768)

Abstract:

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Social Security, Pensions

45.

Why Are 401(k)/IRA Balances Substantially Below Potential?

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Nov 2019
Andrew G. Biggs, Alicia H. Munnell and Anqi Chen
American Enterprise Institute, Boston College - Center for Retirement Research and Boston College - Center for Retirement Research
Downloads 22 (607,527)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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46.

Answer Quickly: How Much Do You Think You'll Get from Social Security?

AEI Retirement Policy Outlook, No. 4, June 2009
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 15 Jul 2009
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 22 (607,527)

Abstract:

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social security, social security reform, retirement income

47.

A New Social Security ‘Notch’? Bad News for People Born in 1947

Center for Retirement Research at Boston College Working Paper No. 10-9
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 26 Jan 2012
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 21 (614,250)

Abstract:

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Social Security, COLA

48.

Social Security and Marginal Returns to Work Near Retirement

Issue Paper No. 2009-02, Social Security Administration
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 16 Feb 2021
Gayle Leah Reznik, David Weaver and Andrew G. Biggs
affiliation not provided to SSRN, Catholic University of America (CUA), Lecturer (Economics) and American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 11 (686,162)

Abstract:

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Social Security, work, retirement, microsimulation

49.

Analyzing teacher salaries using the Post-Secondary Employment Outcomes dataset

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 25 Feb 2021
Andrew G. Biggs and Jason Richwine
American Enterprise Institute and Independent
Downloads 10 (693,769)

Abstract:

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50.

The Consequences of Current Benefit Adjustments for Early and Delayed Claiming

CRR WP 2021-3, January 2021
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 25 Mar 2021
Andrew G. Biggs, Anqi Chen and Alicia H. Munnell
American Enterprise Institute, Boston College - Center for Retirement Research and Boston College - Center for Retirement Research
Downloads 9 (701,438)

Abstract:

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51.

Investment-Based Transition Costs Associated with Closing a Public Defined Benefit Pension Plan

MERCATUS WORKING PAPER
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 12 Jul 2018
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 7 (716,714)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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52.

Are There Transition Costs to Closing a Public-Employee Retirement Plan?

Mercatus Center Paper
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 07 Jun 2018
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 5 (732,460)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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53.

Measuring and Communicating Social Security Earnings Replacement Rates

Posted: 06 Nov 2019
Andrew G. Biggs, Gaobo Pang and Sylvester J. Schieber
American Enterprise Institute, Northern Trust Asset Management and Independent

Abstract:

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Replacement rates, Social Security

54.

How Hard Should We Push the Poor to Save for Retirement?

AEI Economics Working Paper 2017-13, July 2017, https://jor.pm-research.com/content/early/2019/04/19/jor.2019.1.045
Posted: 18 Jul 2017
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute

Abstract:

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retirement, Social Security, IRA, automatic enrollment

55.

Perspectives: Proposed GASB Rules Show Why Only Market Valuation Fully Captures Public Pension Liabilities

Financial Analysts Journal, Vol. 67, No. 2, 2011
Posted: 12 Apr 2011
Andrew G. Biggs
American Enterprise Institute

Abstract:

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Financial Statement Analysis: Analysis of Pensions, Stock Compensation, and Other Employee Benefits: Analysis of Pension Costs and Liability, Other Post-Employment Benefits, Pension Plans