Jeanne C. Fromer

New York University School of Law

Professor of Law

40 Washington Square South

New York, NY 10012

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

36

DOWNLOADS
Rank 3,642

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 3,642

in Total Papers Downloads

13,132

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 33,341

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 33,341

in Total Papers Citations

14

CROSSREF CITATIONS

11

Scholarly Papers (36)

1.

Trade Secrecy in Willy Wonka's Chocolate Factory

THE LAW AND THEORY OF TRADE SECRECY: A HANDBOOK OF CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH, Rochelle C. Dreyfuss, Katherine J. Strandburg, eds., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1430463
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 07 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 20 Jan 2011
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 1,244 (20,056)

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trade secrets, trade secrecy, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Roald Dahl, candy, chocolate, Hershey, Mars, patent law

2.

Claiming Intellectual Property

University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 76, p. 719, 2009, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1273449
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 29 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 1,139 (22,920)
Citation 1

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intellectual property, patent, copyright, claims, peripheral claims, central claims, characteristic claims, exemplar claims, doctrine of equivalents, dependent claims, best mode, fair use, substantial similarity, innovation

3.

A Psychology of Intellectual Property

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 104, p. 1441, 2010, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1575843
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 21 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 20 Sep 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 946 (29,952)

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Intellectual Property, Patent, Copyright, Psychology, Creativity, Protectability, Novelty, Nonobviousness, Utility, Originality, Science, Engineering, Invention, Art, Problem Solving, Problem Finding

4.

Patent Disclosure

Iowa Law Review, Vol. 94, p. 539, 2009, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1116020
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 07 Apr 2008 Last Revised: 01 Apr 2009
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 789 (38,535)
Citation 5

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patent law, intellectual property, disclosure, innovation, invention, technology, information

5.

The Layers of Obviousness in Patent Law

Harvard Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 22, p. 75, 2008, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1119723
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Apr 2008 Last Revised: 14 May 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 757 (40,783)

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obviousness, nonobviousness, patent law, intellectual property, KSR, conception, reduction to practice, software, biotechnology

6.

Fashion's Function in Intellectual Property Law

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 93, p. 51, 2017
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 05 Feb 2020
Christopher Buccafusco and Jeanne C. Fromer
Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 727 (43,064)
Citation 5

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Copyright, Patent, Design, Trademark, Function, Utility, Cheerleading, Costume, Dress, Clothing, Garment

7.

The Audience in Intellectual Property Infringement

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 112, p. 1251 (2014), NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 13-31, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 13-19, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 447, Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 2272235
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 31 May 2013 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2015
Jeanne C. Fromer and Mark A. Lemley
New York University School of Law and Stanford Law School
Downloads 703 (45,055)

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intellectual property, patent, copyright, trademark, design patent, audience, infringement, PHOSITA, substantial similarity

8.

Taking Intellectual Property into Their Own Hands

California Law Review, Vol. 107, p. 1455, 2019, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-36, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 18-20
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 06 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 14 Jul 2020
Amy Adler and Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 671 (47,969)

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intellectual property, copyright, trademark, self-help, law and norms, remedies, shaming, shame, social media, Gucci, GucciGhost, Dapper Dan, Richard Prince, Suicide Girls, Diet Prada, Ivanka Trump, Aquazzura, Tupac Shakur, Biggie Smalls, diss songs, Drake, James Turrell, #MeToo, cancel culture

9.

Experimental Tests of Intellectual Property Laws’ Creativity Thresholds

Texas Law Review, Vol. 93, p. 1921, 2014, Chicago-Kent College of Law Research Paper No. 2014-13, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 14-15
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 31 May 2014 Last Revised: 18 Jul 2014
Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, University of San Francisco School of Management, New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 640 (50,982)

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intellectual property, copyright, patent, creativity, experiment, incentive, thresholds

10.

Expressive Incentives in Intellectual Property

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 98, p. 1745, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 12-45
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 19 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 15 Jan 2013
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 492 (71,020)

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intellectual property, IP, copyright, patent, incentive, utilitarianism, moral rights, expressive, pecuniary

11.

Fake Trademark Specimens: An Empirical Analysis

Columbia Law Review Forum, Vol. 121, p. 217 (2020), NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 20-37, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 20-37
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 24 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 02 Dec 2020
Barton Beebe and Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 348 (106,378)

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Trademark, Trademark Modernization Act, Fake, Specimens, China, Registration, PTO

12.

Are We Running Out of Trademarks? An Empirical Study of Trademark Depletion and Congestion

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 131, No. 4, p. 945, 2018, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-19, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 18-09
Number of pages: 101 Posted: 21 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2018
Barton Beebe and Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 347 (106,745)

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Trademark, Intellectual Property, Depletion, Congestion, PTO, Trademark Case Files Dataset

13.

Patentography

New York University Law Review, Vol. 85, p. 1444, 2010, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1565169
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 05 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 345 (107,461)

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patent, Federal Circuit, district courts, venue, geography, forum shopping

14.

Should the Law Care Why Intellectual Property Rights Have Been Asserted?

Houston Law Review, Vol. 32, p. 549, 2015, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 16-04
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 12 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2016
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 328 (113,654)

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intellectual property, IP, copyright, patent, motivation, motive

15.

An Information Theory of Copyright Law

Emory Law Journal, Vol. 64, p. 71, 2014, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 14-27, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 14-60
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 25 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 14 Nov 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 302 (124,185)

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copyright, information theory, redundancy, redundant, copyrightability, idea-expression, infringement, fair use

16.

Claiming Design

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 167, p. 123, 2018, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-32, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 18-17, Notre Dame Legal Studies Paper No. 1856
Number of pages: 89 Posted: 30 May 2018 Last Revised: 28 Dec 2018
Jeanne C. Fromer and Mark P. McKenna
New York University School of Law and UCLA School of Law
Downloads 272 (138,524)

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design, intellectual property, design patent, trademark, trade dress, copyright, fashion, claims, notice, overlap

17.

Minds, Machines, and the Law: The Case of Volition in Copyright Law

Columbia Law Review, Vol. 119, p. 1887, 2019, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 19-15, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-24
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 09 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 23 Jan 2020
Mala Chatterjee and Jeanne C. Fromer
NYU School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 271 (139,045)

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artificial intelligence, AI, copyright, volition, machines, technology, consciousness, mental states, liability, infringement, John Searle, David Chalmers, Chinese Room

18.

The Role of Creativity in Trademark Law

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 86, p. 1885, 2011, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1972412
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 15 Dec 2011
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 267 (141,259)

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trademark, creativity, distinctive marks, goodwill, good will

19.

Machines as the New Oompa-Loompas: Trade Secrecy, the Cloud, Machine Learning, and Automation

New York University Law Review, Vol. 94, p. 706, 2019, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-18, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 19-12
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 05 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2019
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 251 (150,210)

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trade secret law, trade secrecy, Willy Wonka, Oompa-Loompas, data, computers, software, cloud computing, machine learning, artificial intelligence, automation, intellectual property, reverse engineering, employment

20.

The New Copyright Opportunist

67 Journal of the Copyright Society of the U.S.A., p. 1, 2020, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 19-49, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-55
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 14 Nov 2019 Last Revised: 02 Jun 2021
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 235 (160,093)

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copyright, opportunist, troll, tattoo, videogame, paparazzi, social media, music

21.

The Unregulated Certification Mark(et)

Stanford Law Review, Vol. 69, p. 121, 2017, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 17-05, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 17-06
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 03 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 13 Mar 2017
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 221 (169,847)

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certification, certification mark, trademark, antitrust, competition, kosher, film ratings, Swiss watches

22.

Market Effects Bearing on Fair Use

Washington Law Review, Vol. 90, p. 615, 2015, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 15-08, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 15-30
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 29 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2015
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 198 (188,212)

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fair use, copyright, Campbell, market effect, market harm, market benefit

23.

The Compatibility of Patent Law and the Internet

Fordham Law Review, Vol. 78, p. 2783, 2010, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1600864
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 06 May 2010 Last Revised: 14 May 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 198 (188,212)

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patent, Internet, Zittrain, Post, exclusivity, inclusiveness, generativity, Thomas Jefferson, Bilski

24.

Immoral or Scandalous Marks: An Empirical Analysis

NYU Journal of Intellectual Property & Entertainment Law, Vol. 8, p. 169, 2019, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 19-09, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-14
Number of pages: 142 Posted: 08 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 28 Jun 2019
Barton Beebe and Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 194 (191,687)
Citation 1

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Brunetti, Supreme Court, immoral or scandalous marks, PTO, trademark, registration, empirical, First Amendment, vagueness, scrutiny

25.

The Intellectual Property Clause's External Limitations

Duke Law Journal, Vol. 61, p. 1329, April 2012, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2061233
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 16 May 2012
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 184 (200,907)

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IP Clause, intellectual property, patent, copyright, constitutional law, trade secrecy, antibootlegging

26.

An Exercise in Line-Drawing: Deriving and Measuring Fairness in Redistricting

Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 93, p. 1547, 2005
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 02 Nov 2004 Last Revised: 22 Sep 2008
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 175 (209,876)

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democracy, election law, redistricting, gerrymandering, legal algorithms, Vieth v. Jubilerer

27.

Forgetting Functionality

University of Pennsylvania Law Review Online, Vol. 166, p. 119 (2017), Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 525, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 17-33, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 17-41
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 22 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2017
Christopher Buccafusco and Jeanne C. Fromer
Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 153 (235,084)

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Copyright, Patent, Design, Function, Utility, PGS, Useful Articles, Statutory Interpretation, Cheerleading, Dress, Clothing, Garment

28.

The Intellectual Property Clause's Preemptive Effect

Intellectual Property and the Common Law 265 (Shyam Balganesh, ed., Cambridge University Press, 2013) , NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 12-71
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 30 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 01 Jan 2015
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 133 (262,993)

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preemption, intellectual property, IP, patent, copyright, IP Clause, Bonito Boats

29.

Dynamic Patent Disclosure

Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 69, p. 1715, 2016, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 16-51, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 16-41
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 30 Nov 2016 Last Revised: 14 Dec 2016
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 119 (285,739)
Citation 1

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patent, disclosure, dynamic, commercialization, market, marking, Orange Book

30.

A Legal Tangle of Secrets and Disclosures in Trade: Tabor v. Hoffman and Beyond

Intellectual Property at the Edge: The Contested Contours of IP 271 (Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss and Jane C. Ginsburg, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2014), NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 13-44, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 13-26
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 10 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2014
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 109 (303,707)

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trade secrecy, trade secret, Tabor v. Hoffman, patent, disclosure

31.

Looking to Statutory Intertext: Toward the Use of the Rabbinic Biblical Interpretive Stance in American Statutory Interpretation

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 115, p. 1456, 2002
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 23 Sep 2008
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 108 (305,647)

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biblical interpretation, statutory interpretation, intertext

32.

Sixth Circuit Classifies Computer Source Code as Protected Speech: Junger V. Daley, 209 F.3d 481 (6th Cir. 2000)

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 114, p. 1813, 2001
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 23 Sep 2008
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 105 (311,594)

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First Amendment, computer source code, symbolic conduct, Junger v. Daley, Spence v. Washington, protected speech

33.

Retelling Copyright: The Contributions of the Restatement of Copyright Law

Columbia Journal of Law & the Arts, Vol. 44, p. 341, 2021, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 21-03, Boston Univ. School of Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 26 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2021
Jeanne C. Fromer and Jessica M. Silbey
New York University School of Law and Boston University - School of Law
Downloads 70 (398,400)

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Copyright, Restatement, ALI, American Law Institute

34.

District Courts as Patent Laboratories

UC Irvine Law Review, Vol. 1, p. 307, 2011, Fordham Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1969534
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 07 Dec 2011
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 59 (434,937)

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patent, patent litigation, district courts, Federal Circuit, Dan Burk, Mark Lemley, patentography

35.

Clean Water Act: Applicability of the Constitutional Doubt Canon: Comment on Solid Waste Agency of Northern Cook County v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 531 U.S. 159 (2001)

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 115, p. 528, 2001
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 23 Sep 2008
Jeanne C. Fromer
New York University School of Law
Downloads 32 (552,290)

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SWANCC, Clean Water Act, constitutional doubt canon, Chevron, deference, statutory interpretation, agency review

36.

A Theory of Legal Protection for Industrial Design

NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 17-37
Posted: 18 Sep 2017
Jeanne C. Fromer and Christopher Jon Sprigman
New York University School of Law and New York University School of Law

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design patent, utility patent, industrial design, industrial organization, form, function