Albert H. Choi

University of Michigan Law School

625 South State Street

Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215

United States

http://www.law.umich.edu/FacultyBio/Pages/FacultyBio.aspx?FacID=alchoi

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

35

DOWNLOADS
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Top 1,588

in Total Papers Downloads

22,673

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 13,535

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 13,535

in Total Papers Citations

45

CROSSREF CITATIONS

40

Scholarly Papers (35)

1.

Concentrated Ownership and Long-Term Shareholder Value

8:1 Harvard Business Law Review 53 (2018), Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 19
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 17 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2018
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 2,149 (8,219)
Citation 2

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Controlling Shareholder, Private Benefits of Control, Dual Class Stock, Control Sale, Freezeout

2.

Facilitating Mergers and Acquisitions with Earnouts and Purchase Price Adjustments

2 Journal of Law, Finance & Accounting 1 (2017)
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 01 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 27 Jun 2018
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 1,726 (11,693)

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3.

Strategic Vagueness in Contract Design: The Case of Corporate Acquisitions

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 119, 2010, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2009-16
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 04 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 31 Mar 2010
Albert H. Choi and George G. Triantis
University of Michigan Law School and Stanford Law School
Downloads 1,402 (16,216)
Citation 1

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contract design, mergers and acquisitions, options, litigation

4.

Appraising the 'Merger Price' Appraisal Rule

Journal of Law, Economics & Organization (vol 35) (2019 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 22 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 07 Jun 2018
Albert H. Choi and Eric L. Talley
University of Michigan Law School and Columbia University - School of Law
Downloads 1,117 (22,824)
Citation 4

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Mergers and Acquisitions, Appraisal, Fair Value, Merger Price Appraisal

5.

Taking a Financial Position in Your Opponent in Litigation

American Economic Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 17 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 27 Jun 2018
Albert H. Choi and Kathryn E. Spier
University of Michigan Law School and Harvard University - Law School - Faculty
Downloads 983 (27,514)
Citation 1

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6.

The Effect of Bargaining Power on Contract Design

Virginia Law Review 98:8, 1665–1744, 2012, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 421, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2012-04
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 25 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 14 Jan 2013
Albert H. Choi and George G. Triantis
University of Michigan Law School and Stanford Law School
Downloads 965 (28,231)
Citation 13

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Contracts, Negotiation, Bargaining Power

Golden Parachute as a Compensation Shifting Mechanism

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 Jul 2002
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 960 (28,011)
Citation 1

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Golden Parachute as a Compensation Shifting Mechanism

The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 170-191, 2004
Posted: 19 Nov 2003
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School

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Golden Parachute as a Compensation-Shifting Mechanism

The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Vol. 20, Issue 1, pp. 170-191, 2004
Posted: 29 Feb 2008
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School

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8.

Contractarian Theory and Unilateral Bylaw Amendments

104 Iowa Law Review 1 (2018), U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 17-37
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 29 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 01 Dec 2018
Albert H. Choi and Geeyoung Min
University of Michigan Law School and Michigan State University College of Law
Downloads 927 (29,939)
Citation 1

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9.
Downloads 920 ( 30,244)
Citation 7

A Rent Extraction Theory of Right of First Refusal

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 22 Dec 2006
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 919 (29,839)
Citation 1

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A Rent Extraction Theory of Right of First Refusal

The Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 57, Issue 2, pp. 252-262, June 2009
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 20 May 2009
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 1 (797,491)
Citation 1
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10.

Should Consumers Be Permitted to Waive Products Liability? Product Safety, Private Contracts, and Adverse Selection

Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2010-11, Harvard Law and Economics Discussion Paper No. 680
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 23 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 31 Mar 2015
Albert H. Choi and Kathryn E. Spier
University of Michigan Law School and Harvard University - Law School - Faculty
Downloads 865 (32,975)
Citation 8

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11.

Fee-Shifting and Shareholder Litigation

104 Virginia Law Review 59 (2018), Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2016-15
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 20 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 14 Mar 2018
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 734 (41,306)
Citation 1

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12.

Market Conditions and Contract Design: Variations in Debt Contracting

New York University Law Review, Forthcoming, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 428, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2012-07
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 01 May 2012 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2013
Albert H. Choi and George G. Triantis
University of Michigan Law School and Stanford Law School
Downloads 721 (42,292)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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contracts, corporate finance, bargaining power, adverse selection, moral hazard

13.

Designing and Enforcing Preliminary Agreements

98 Texas Law Review 439 (2020)
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 01 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2020
Albert H. Choi and George G. Triantis
University of Michigan Law School and Stanford Law School
Downloads 699 (44,088)

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Preliminary Agreement, Letter of Intent, Memorandum of Understanding, Duty to Negotiate in Good Faith

14.

Completing Contracts in the Shadow of Costly Verification

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 10 Dec 2015
Albert H. Choi and George G. Triantis
University of Michigan Law School and Stanford Law School
Downloads 604 (53,492)
Citation 1

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Incomplete Contracts, Costly Verification

15.

Non-Profit Status and Relational Sanctions: Commitment to Quality through Repeat Interactions and Organizational Choice

Journal of Law and Economics, No. 4, 2015, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2014-07, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2014-19
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 10 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 26 May 2017
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 570 (57,504)
Citation 1

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16.

Contract's Role in Relational Contract

Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2014-01, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2014-04
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 03 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 23 Apr 2015
Scott Baker and Albert H. Choi
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 557 (59,119)
Citation 4

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Successor Liability and Asymmetric Information

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 28 Feb 2006
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 554 (58,865)

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Successor Liability and Asymmetric Information

American Law and Economics Review, Vol. 9, Issue 2, pp. 408-434, 2007
Posted: 16 Jun 2008
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School

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K13, K22, K32

18.

Reputation and Litigation: Why Costly Legal Sanctions Can Work Better than Reputational Sanctions

Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2013-02, Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-03-01
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 02 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 01 Jan 2018
Scott Baker and Albert H. Choi
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 526 (63,538)
Citation 1

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19.

Are Non-Profit Firms Simply For-Profits in Disguise? Evidence from Executive Compensation in the Nursing Home Industry

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 12 Nov 2004
Anup Malani and Albert H. Choi
University of Chicago - Law School and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 514 (65,404)
Citation 2

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non-profit, nursing home, tax, executive compensation

Allocating Settlement Authority Under a Contingent-Fee Arrangement

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 25 Oct 2001
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 488 (69,089)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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litigation, contingent fee, delegation

Allocating Settlement Authority Under a Contingent-Fee Arrangement

Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 23, No. 2, June 2003
Posted: 16 Apr 2004
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School

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Litigation, contingent fee, delegation

21.

Optimal Agency Contracts: The Effect of Vicarious Liability and Judicial Error

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 05 Apr 2006
Albert H. Choi and Juan Carlos Bisso
University of Michigan Law School and University of Virginia - Department of Economics
Downloads 483 (70,696)
Citation 1

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Should Plaintiffs Win What Defendants Lose?: Litigation Stakes, Litigation Effort, and the Benefits of 'Decoupling'

USC CLEO Research Paper No. C02-7; and UVA Law and Economics Research Paper No. 02-1
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 12 Apr 2002
Albert H. Choi and Chris William Sanchirico
University of Michigan Law School and University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 462 (73,928)
Citation 17

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Should Plaintiffs Win What Defendants Lose?: Litigation Stakes, Litigation Effort, and the Benefits of 'Decoupling'

U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper 04-02; USC CLEO Research Paper No. C02-7
Posted: 19 Jan 2004
Albert H. Choi and Chris William Sanchirico
University of Michigan Law School and University of Pennsylvania Law School

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23.

Deal Protection Devices

University of Chicago Law Review, Forthcoming, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 674, U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 20-002
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 07 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 10 Aug 2020
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 451 (76,839)

Abstract:

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mergers and acquisitions, deal protection devices, termination fee, match right, stock and asset lockups

24.

Class Actions and Private Antitrust Litigation

American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, Forthcoming, U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 20-021
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 28 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2020
Albert H. Choi and Kathryn E. Spier
University of Michigan Law School and Harvard University - Law School - Faculty
Downloads 435 (80,185)

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Antitrust Lawsuits, Class Actions, Class Action Waivers

25.

Golden Parachutes and the Limits of Shareholder Voting

73:1 Vanderbilt Law Review 223 (2020)
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 20 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2020
Albert H. Choi, Andrew Lund and Robert J. Schonlau
University of Michigan Law School, Villanova University School of Law and Miami University - Farmer School of Business
Downloads 425 (82,420)
Citation 1

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Golden Parachutes, Executive Compensation, Shareholder Voting, Say on Golden Parachutes, Corporate Governance

26.

A Critique of the Odious Debt Doctrine

U of Chicago Law & Economics, Olin Working Paper No. 323
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 17 Jan 2007
Albert H. Choi and Eric A. Posner
University of Michigan Law School and University of Chicago - Law School
Downloads 342 (105,721)
Citation 3

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27.

The Parol Evidence Rule, Information Disclosure, and the Value of an Oral Promise

Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2009-17
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 07 Apr 2008 Last Revised: 14 Oct 2009
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 318 (114,560)

Abstract:

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integration, parol evidence rule, incomplete contracts

28.

The Role of Headquarters in Firm-Specific Investment and Intra-Firm Trade

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 24 Nov 2001
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 314 (116,130)

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29.

Federal Forum Provisions and the Internal Affairs Doctrine

10 Harvard Business Law Review 383 (2020), U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 19-009, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 646, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2019-58
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 25 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2020
Dhruv Aggarwal, Albert H. Choi and Ofer Eldar
Yale University, School of Management, Students, University of Michigan Law School and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 253 (145,385)
Citation 2

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corporate law, forum selection, securities litigation, internal affairs, Delaware, private ordering

30.

The Economics of Class Action Waivers

38 Yale Journal on Regulation 543 (2021), U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 20-020
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 04 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2021
Albert H. Choi and Kathryn E. Spier
University of Michigan Law School and Harvard University - Law School - Faculty
Downloads 241 (152,491)

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class actions, class action waivers, mandatory individual arbitration clause

31.

Contract Design When Relationship-Specific Investment Produces Asymmetric Information

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 08 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2021
Albert H. Choi and George G. Triantis
University of Michigan Law School and Stanford Law School
Downloads 215 (170,004)

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Preliminary Agreement, Letter of Intent, Memorandum of Understanding, Term Sheet, Duty to Negotiate in Good Faith

32.

Crisis-Driven Tax Law: The Case of Section 382

23:1 Florida Tax Review 1 (2019), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2019-29, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2019-11
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 23 May 2018 Last Revised: 29 Feb 2020
Albert H. Choi, Quinn Curtis and Andrew T. Hayashi
University of Michigan Law School, University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 205 (177,777)

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33.

Addressing Informational Challenges with Earnouts in Mergers and Acquisitions

Research Handbook on Mergers and Acquisitions, Forthcoming; Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2016-17
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 13 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 26 Sep 2016
Albert H. Choi
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 197 (184,449)

Abstract:

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Earnouts, Mergers and Acquisitions, Information Asymmetry, Post-Closing Verification

34.

Shrink-Wraps: Who Should Bear the Cost of Communicating Mass-Market Contract Terms?

Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2009-15
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 15 May 2014
Yeon-Koo Che and Albert H. Choi
Columbia University and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 179 (200,916)
Citation 5

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shrink-wraps, EULA, quality search, duty to read, duty to speak

35.

Amicus Brief of Law and Finance Professors in Verition Partners v. Aruba Networks (Appraisal Lawsuit)

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 02 Jan 2019
Vanderbilt University Law School, Texas Christian University - M.J. Neeley School of Business, University of Michigan Law School, Harvard Law School, University of Texas at Austin - School of Law, Baylor University and Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Finance
Downloads 172 (207,904)

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Appraisal, Efficient Market Hypothesis, Mergers