Carolyn Fischer

Resources for the Future

Senior Fellow

1616 P Street, NW

Washington, DC 20036

United States

http://www.rff.org/~fischer

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

De Boelelaan 1105

1081HV Amsterdam

Netherlands

http://https://research.vu.nl/en/persons/carolyn-fischer

University of Ottawa - Department of Economics

Social Sciences Building Room 9005

Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5

Canada

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

35

DOWNLOADS
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5,421

SSRN CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 4,603

in Total Papers Citations

178

CROSSREF CITATIONS

120

Scholarly Papers (35)

1.

Combining Policies for Renewable Energy: Is the Whole Less than the Sum of its Parts?

Resource for the Future Discussion Paper No. 10-19
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 17 Mar 2010
Carolyn Fischer and Louis Preonas
Resources for the Future and University of California, Berkeley - Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics
Downloads 1,939 (10,045)
Citation 40

Abstract:

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environment, technology, externality, policy, climate change, renewable energy

2.

Comparing Policies to Combat Emissions Leakage: Border Carbon Adjustments versus Rebates

RFF Discussion Paper No. 09-02-REV
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 21 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 25 May 2014
Carolyn Fischer and Alan K. Fox
Resources for the Future and U.S. International Trade Commission
Downloads 453 (78,663)
Citation 52

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environmental tax, rebate, border tax adjustment, emissions leakage, climate

3.

How Important is Technological Innovation in Protecting the Environment?

RFF Working Paper
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 26 Jun 2000
Ian W. H. Parry, William A. Pizer and Carolyn Fischer
Resources for the Future, Duke University and Resources for the Future
Downloads 394 (92,534)
Citation 6

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Technological Innovation, Pollution Control, Welfare Impacts, Social Planning Model

4.

Combining Rebates with Carbon Taxes: Optimal Strategies for Coping with Emissions Leakage and Tax Interactions

RFF Discussion Paper No. 09-12
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 23 May 2009
Carolyn Fischer and Alan K. Fox
Resources for the Future and U.S. International Trade Commission
Downloads 301 (124,822)
Citation 15

Abstract:

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carbon tax, tax interaction, carbon leakage

Multinational Taxation and International Emissions Trading

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 12 Jun 2002
Carolyn Fischer
Resources for the Future
Downloads 254 (148,135)

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Emissions Permits, Transfer Pricing, Taxation, Multinational Corporations

Multinational Taxation and International Emissions Trading

Resource and Energy Economics, Vol. 28, No. 2, 2006, FEEM Working Paper No. 38.2002
Posted: 26 Mar 2008
Carolyn Fischer
Resources for the Future

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Emissions Permits, Transfer Pricing, Taxation, Multinational Corporations

6.

A Guide for the Concerned: Guidance on the Elaboration and Implementation of Border Carbon Adjustment

Entwined Policy Report No. 03
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 21 Nov 2012
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Resources for the Future, affiliation not provided to SSRN, New Zealand Institute of Economic Research (Inc) (NZIER), affiliation not provided to SSRN and International Institute for Sustainable Development
Downloads 249 (151,691)
Citation 27

Abstract:

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BCA, BTA, border measures, trade, climate change, adjustment, competitiveness, WTO

Canada – Renewable Energy: Implications for WTO Law on Green and Not-so-Green Subsidies

Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. 2014/109
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 09 Dec 2014
Steve Charnovitz and Carolyn Fischer
George Washington University - Law School and Resources for the Future
Downloads 130 (268,963)
Citation 2

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Renewable energy, subsidies, environment, WTO, dispute settlement

Canada – Renewable Energy: Implications for WTO Law on Green and Not-so-Green Subsidies

FEEM Working Paper No. 94.2014
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 14 Nov 2014
Steve Charnovitz and Carolyn Fischer
George Washington University - Law School and Resources for the Future
Downloads 114 (296,296)
Citation 11

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Feed-in-Tariff, Renewable Energy, Subsidies, International Trade, WTO, Green Growth, Local Content Requirement

8.

The Legal and Economic Case for an Auction Reserve Price in the EU Emissions Trading System

CESifo Working Paper No. 7903
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 31 Oct 2019
Resources for the Future, Tilburg University, Resources for the Future, University of Gothenburg - Department of Law, Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), University of Groningen - Faculty of Law, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, University of Eastern Finland - School of Law and University of Eastern Finland - Law Department
Downloads 168 (217,700)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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emissions trading, auction reserve price, carbon tax, price floor, EU law

Environmental and Technology Policy Options in the Electricity Sector: Interactions and Outcomes

FEEM Working Paper No. 067.2014
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 15 Jul 2014
Carolyn Fischer, Richard G. Newell and Louis Preonas
Resources for the Future, Duke University - Nicholas School of Environment and University of California, Berkeley - Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics
Downloads 75 (388,385)
Citation 3

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Climate Change, Cap-and-Trade, Renewable Energy, Portfolio Standards, Subsidies, Spillovers, Energy Efficiency, Electricity

Environmental and Technology Policy Options in the Electricity Sector: Interactions and Outcomes

Resources for the Future Discussion Paper 13-20
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 04 May 2014
Carolyn Fischer, Richard G. Newell and Louis Preonas
Resources for the Future, Duke University - Nicholas School of Environment and University of California, Berkeley - Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics
Downloads 55 (457,282)
Citation 20

Abstract:

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climate change, cap-and-trade, renewable energy, portfolio standards, subsidies, spillovers, energy efficiency, electricity

Environmental and Technology Policy Options in the Electricity Sector: Interactions and Outcomes

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 4757
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 15 May 2014
Carolyn Fischer, Richard G. Newell and Louis Preonas
Resources for the Future, Duke University - Nicholas School of Environment and University of California, Berkeley - Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics
Downloads 26 (605,716)

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climate change, cap-and-trade, renewable energy, portfolio standards, subsidies, spillovers, energy efficiency, electricity

10.

Alternative Climate Policies and Intertemporal Emissions Leakage: Quantifying the Green Paradox

Resources for the Future Discussion Paper No. 12-16
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 29 Apr 2012
Carolyn Fischer and Stephen W. Salant
Resources for the Future and University of Michigan
Downloads 142 (250,298)
Citation 10

Abstract:

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green paradox, climate change, exhaustible resources

Automobile Fuel Economy Standards: Impacts, Efficiency, and Alternatives

Resources for the Future DP 10-45, 2010
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 15 Oct 2010
Michigan State University - Department of Economics, Resources for the Future, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor and Resources for the Future
Downloads 73 (394,352)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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fuel economy regulations, costs, welfare effects, climate change, feebates

Automobile Fuel Economy Standards: Impacts, Efficiency, and Alternatives

NBER Working Paper No. w16370
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 20 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 26 Mar 2021
Michigan State University - Department of Economics, Resources for the Future, Resources for the Future and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
Downloads 30 (579,098)
Citation 2

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12.

Emissions Targets and the Real Business Cycle: Intensity Targets Versus Caps or Taxes

Resources for the Future Discussion Paper RFF DP 09-47-REV
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 15 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 07 May 2011
Carolyn Fischer and Michael Springborn
Resources for the Future and University of California, Davis - College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Department of Environmental Science and Policy
Downloads 86 (354,530)
Citation 18

Abstract:

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emissions tax, cap-and-trade, intensity target, business cycle

13.

Imperfect Competition, Consumer Behavior, and the Provision of Fuel Efficiency in Light-Duty Vehicles

Resources for the Future Discussion Paper No. 10-60
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 22 Jan 2011
Carolyn Fischer
Resources for the Future
Downloads 82 (364,955)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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fuel economy, regulation, imperfect competition, price discrimination

14.
Downloads 78 (375,669)

Strategic Subsidies for Green Goods

Resources for the Future Discussion Paper 16-12
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 03 Jun 2016
Carolyn Fischer
Resources for the Future
Downloads 55 (457,282)

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International Trade, Subsidies, Imperfect Competition, Externalities, Emissions Leakage

Strategic Subsidies for Green Goods

FEEM Working Paper No. 30.2016
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 28 Apr 2016
Carolyn Fischer
Resources for the Future
Downloads 23 (627,262)

Abstract:

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International Trade, Subsidies, Imperfect Competition, Externalities, Emissions Leakage

15.

A Theory of Multi-Tier Ecolabel Competition

Ross School of Business Paper No. 1319
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 19 Jun 2016
Carolyn Fischer and Thomas P. Lyon
Resources for the Future and University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business
Downloads 77 (378,450)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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multi-tier ecolabels

16.

Robust Policies Against Emission Leakage: The Case for Upstream Subsidies

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 4742
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 08 May 2014
Carolyn Fischer, Mads Greaker and Knut Einar Rosendahl
Resources for the Future, Oslo and Akershus University College - Oslo Business School and Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Downloads 77 (378,450)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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strategic environmental policy, carbon leakage, abatement technology

Environmental Protection for Sale: Strategic Green Industrial Policy and Climate Finance

FEEM Working Paper No. 31.2016
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 28 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 14 May 2016
Carolyn Fischer
Resources for the Future
Downloads 39 (528,710)

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Green Industrial Policy, Emissions Leakage, Externalities, International Trade, Renewable Energy, Subsidies

Environmental Protection for Sale: Strategic Green Industrial Policy and Climate Finance

Resources for the Future Discussion Paper 16-13
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 03 Jun 2016
Carolyn Fischer
Resources for the Future
Downloads 35 (549,979)

Abstract:

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Green Industrial Policy, Emissions Leakage, Externalities, International Trade, Renewable Energy, Subsidies

18.

Understanding Errors in EIA Projections of Energy Demand

RFF Discussion Paper No. 07-54
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 11 Nov 2008
Resources for the Future, Government of the United States of America - Congressional Budget Office (CBO) and Resources for the Future
Downloads 70 (399,013)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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EIA, energy forecasting, bias

19.

The Global Effects of Subglobal Climate Policies

Resources for the Future Discussion Paper No. 10-48
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 20 Oct 2010
University of Oldenburg - Economic Policy, Resources for the Future and Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Downloads 69 (402,124)
Citation 12

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cap-and-trade, emissions leakage, border carbon adjustments, output-based allocation, general equilibrium model

20.

Better Together? The Implications of Linking Canada - US Greenhouse Gas Policies

C.D. Howe Institute
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 18 Sep 2010
Dave Sawyer and Carolyn Fischer
affiliation not provided to SSRN and Resources for the Future
Downloads 53 (457,573)
Citation 7

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Economic Growth and Innovation, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, Canada, US, emissions trading system

21.

Cost-Effective Unilateral Climate Policy Design: Size Matters

Resources for the Future Discussion Paper No. 11-34
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 31 Dec 2011
University of Oldenburg - Economic Policy, Resources for the Future and Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Downloads 45 (490,143)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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emissions leakage, border carbon adjustments, output-based allocation

22.

Output-Based Allocation of Emissions Permits for Mitigating the Leakage and Competitiveness Issues for the Japanese Economy

Resources for the Future Discussion Paper No. 11-40
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 05 Jan 2012
Kyoto Sangyo University, Waseda University - School of Political Science and Economics, Resources for the Future, U.S. International Trade Commission and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 43 (499,013)
Citation 2

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climate change, emissions trading, emissions permit allocations, output-based allocation, auction, grandfathering, international competitiveness, carbon leakage, CGE analysis

23.

Strategic Technology Policy as a Supplement to Renewable Energy Standards

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 5710
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 18 Feb 2016
Carolyn Fischer, Mads Greaker and Knut Einar Rosendahl
Resources for the Future, Oslo and Akershus University College - Oslo Business School and Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Downloads 41 (508,081)
Citation 1

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24.

Fishy SPS Measures? The WTO’s Korea-Radionuclides Dispute

Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2020/81, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2020-83
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 01 Dec 2020
Rachel Brewster and Carolyn Fischer
Duke University School of Law and Resources for the Future
Downloads 39 (517,504)

Abstract:

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WTO, dispute settlement, SPS, fish, Japan, Korea

25.

Baptists and Bootleggers in the Biodiesel Trade: EU-Biodiesel (Indonesia)

Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2019/80
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 19 Nov 2019
Carolyn Fischer and Timothy Meyer
Resources for the Future and Vanderbilt University Law School
Downloads 32 (553,137)

Abstract:

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World Trade Organization, antidumping, biodiesel, climate governance, economic development

26.

Climate Policy and Fiscal Constraints: Do Tax Interactions Outweigh Carbon Leakage?

Resources for the Future Discussion Paper No. 12-19
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 12 Sep 2012
Carolyn Fischer and Alan K. Fox
Resources for the Future and U.S. International Trade Commission
Downloads 32 (553,137)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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climate policy, carbon leakage, tax interactions, border adjustments

27.

More Birds than Stones – A Framework for Second-Best Energy and Climate Policy Adjustments

Number of pages: 65 Posted: 15 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 29 Jun 2021
Carolyn Fischer, Michael Hübler and Oliver Schenker
Resources for the Future, Leibniz Universität Hannover and Frankfurt School of Finance & Management
Downloads 31 (558,596)

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second-best policy, climate and energy policy, multiple market failures

28.

Kill Bill or Tax: An Analysis of Alternative Co2 Price Floor Options for EU Member States

CESifo Working Paper No. 8631
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 20 Oct 2020
Christoph Böhringer and Carolyn Fischer
affiliation not provided to SSRN and Resources for the Future
Downloads 27 (582,186)

Abstract:

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CO2 price floor, emissions trading, carbon tax

29.

How Should Support for Climate-Friendly Technologies Be Designed?

Centre for European Policy Studies, Policy Briefs
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 18 Oct 2011
Resources for the Future, Center for International Climate and Environmental Research (CICERO), affiliation not provided to SSRN, Göteborg University - Department of Economics and IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute
Downloads 20 (628,897)

Abstract:

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climate, energy, greenhouse gas, GHG, emissions reductions

Environmental Macroeconomics: Environmental Policy, Business Cycles, and Directed Technical Change

NBER Working Paper No. w18794
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 09 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2014
Garth Heutel and Carolyn Fischer
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics and Resources for the Future
Downloads 17 (672,966)
Citation 3

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Environmental Macroeconomics: Environmental Policy, Business Cycles, and Directed Technical Change

Annual Review of Resource Economics, Vol. 5, Issue 1, pp. 197-210, 2013
Posted: 11 Oct 2013
Carolyn Fischer and Garth Heutel
Resources for the Future and University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics

Abstract:

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31.

Monopoly Extraction of an Exhaustible Resource with Two Markets

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 28 Mar 2004
Carolyn Fischer and Ramanan Laxminarayan
Resources for the Future and The Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP)
Downloads 16 (657,154)
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32.

Horizontal Equity Effects in Energy Regulation

NBER Working Paper No. w24033
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 20 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 03 Mar 2021
Carolyn Fischer and William A. Pizer
Resources for the Future and Duke University
Downloads 9 (710,503)

Abstract:

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33.

Competing Environmental Labels

Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Vol. 23, Issue 3, pp. 692-716, 2014
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 26 Jul 2014
Carolyn Fischer and Thomas P. Lyon
Resources for the Future and University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business
Downloads 0 (795,478)
Citation 6
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34.

Does Trade Help or Hinder the Conservation of Natural Resources?

Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 103-121, 2010
Posted: 25 Jan 2010
Carolyn Fischer
Resources for the Future

Abstract:

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F13, Q27, Q57

35.

The Complex Interactions of Markets for Endangered Species Products

Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Vol. 48, No. 2, 2004
Posted: 26 Mar 2008
Carolyn Fischer
Resources for the Future

Abstract:

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Endangered species, Black markets, CITES, Poaching, Stigma