W. Nicholson Price II

University of Michigan Law School

Professor of Law

625 South State Street

Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

32

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Top 5,271

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9,936

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 31,677

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 31,677

in Total Papers Citations

18

CROSSREF CITATIONS

9

Scholarly Papers (32)

1.

Artificial Intelligence in Health Care: Applications and Legal Issues

14 SciTech Lawyer 10 (2017), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 599
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 03 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 1,457 (15,812)
Citation 1

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2.

Patent Trolling — Why Bio & Pharmaceuticals Are at Risk

17 Stan. Tech. L. Rev. 773, 2014, UC Hastings Research Paper No. 93
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 15 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
Robin Feldman and W. Nicholson Price II
UC Hastings Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 950 (29,781)
Citation 5

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nonpracticing entities, patent trolls, patent assertion entities, pharmaceuticals, patents, biotechnology

3.

Black-Box Medicine

28 Harv. J.L. & Tech. 419 (2015)
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 23 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 786 (38,754)
Citation 2

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personalized medicine, big data, incentives, patents

4.

Medical Malpractice and Black-Box Medicine

I. Glenn Cohen et al., eds., Big Data, Health Law, and Bioethics (Cambridge University Press, 2018), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 536
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 04 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 716 (43,996)
Citation 1

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black-box medicine, precision medicine, medical malpractice, medical algorithms

5.

Medical AI and Contextual Bias

33 Harv. J.L. & Tech. 66 (2019), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 632
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 01 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2020
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 530 (64,748)
Citation 1

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AI, artificial intelligence, law and medicine, innovation, bias

6.

Regulating Black-Box Medicine

116 Mich. L. Rev. 421 (2017)
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 22 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 13 May 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 523 (65,870)
Citation 1

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black-box medicine, algorithms, regulation, innovation

7.

Big Data, Patents, and the Future of Medicine

37 Cardozo L. Rev. 1401 (2016)
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 14 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 09 Jan 2017
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 472 (74,775)
Citation 1

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big data, patents, medicine, intellectual property, algorithms

8.

Manufacturing Barriers to Biologics Competition and Innovation

101 Iowa L. Rev. 1023 (2016), Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2015-20, Duke I&E Research Paper No. 15-2
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 16 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 19 Jul 2021
W. Nicholson Price II and Arti K. Rai
University of Michigan Law School and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 469 (75,402)

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Innovation, Trade Secrets, Intellectual Property, Biologics, Biosimilars

9.

Artificial Intelligence in the Medical System: Four Roles for Potential Transformation

21 Yale J.L. & Tech. Spec. Iss. 122 (2019), 18 Yale J. Health Pol'y L. & Ethics Spec. Iss. 122 (2019), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 631
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 18 Mar 2019 Last Revised: 07 Jan 2020
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 454 (78,358)

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Artificial Intelligence, AI, Medicine, Health Law, FDA Law

10.

Making Do in Making Drugs: Innovation Policy and Pharmaceutical Manufacturing

55 B.C. L. Rev. 491 (2014)
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 18 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 454 (78,358)
Citation 3

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pharmaceutical, drugs, manufacturing, innovation policy, innovation

11.

Unblocked Future: Why Gene Patents Won’t Hinder Whole-Genome Sequencing and Personalized Medicine

33 Cardozo L. Rev. 1601 (2012)
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 23 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 375 (97,891)
Citation 1

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gene patents, whole-genome sequencing, personalized medicine

12.

Acknowledgements as a Window into Legal Academia

98 Wash. U. L. Rev. 307 (2020), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 668, U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 20-017
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 06 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2021
W. Nicholson Price II and Jonathan Tietz
University of Michigan Law School and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 331 (112,639)

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empirical legal studies, star footnote, legal scholarship

13.

Privacy and Accountability in Black-Box Medicine

23 Mich. Telecomm. & Tech. L. Rev. 1 (2016)
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 04 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
Roger Allan Ford and W. Nicholson Price II
University of New Hampshire Franklin Pierce School of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 321 (116,419)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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machine learning, privacy, black-box medicine, predictive analytics, law and medicine

14.

New Innovation Models in Medical AI

Washington University Law Review, Forthcoming, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 21-009
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 20 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2021
W. Nicholson Price II, Rachel Sachs and Rebecca S. Eisenberg
University of Michigan Law School, Washington University in Saint Louis - School of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 260 (145,171)

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artificial intelligence, user innovation, intellectual property, FDA law, medical AI

15.

Promoting Healthcare Innovation on the Demand Side

4 J.L. & Biosciences 3 (2017), U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 16-008, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 503
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 19 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
Rebecca S. Eisenberg and W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 242 (155,718)

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Food Law, Drug Law, Health Law, Health Policy, Intellectual Property Law

16.

Grants

34 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1 (2019), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 600
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 09 May 2018 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2019
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 226 (166,364)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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grants, innovation policy, intellectual property, NIH

17.

Regulating Secrecy

91 Wash. L. Rev. 1769 (2016)
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 16 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 193 (192,669)

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trade secrecy, regulation, patents, biosimilars, biologics, pharmaceuticals

18.

Clearing Opacity through Machine Learning

106 Iowa L. Rev. 775 (2021), Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2020-13, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 663, U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 20-016
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 08 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 12 Feb 2021
W. Nicholson Price II and Arti K. Rai
University of Michigan Law School and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 178 (206,940)
Citation 3

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artificial intelligence, secrecy, opacity, machine learning, basic research, innovation policy, trade secrets

19.

The Cost of Novelty

120 Colum. L. Rev. 769 (2020), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 633, U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 19-004
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 02 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 04 May 2020
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 169 (216,425)

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innovation, patents, novelty, biomedical innovation

20.

Expired Patents, Trade Secrets, and Stymied Competition

92 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1611 (2017), U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 16-030, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 532
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 23 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 161 (225,400)

Abstract:

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trade secrets, secrecy, patents, innovation

21.

Describing Black-Box Medicine

21 B.U. J. Sci. & Tech. L. 347 (2015)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 29 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 126 (274,072)

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personalized medicine, black box, patentability, enablement, 112

22.

Problematic Interactions between AI and Health Privacy

Utah Law Review, Forthcoming, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 21-014
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 29 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2021
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 103 (315,898)

Abstract:

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artificial intelligence, health privacy, hipaa,

23.

Innovation Institutions and COVID-19

University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 21-09
Number of pages: 157 Posted: 15 Apr 2021
Stanford Law School, University of Michigan Law School, Washington University in Saint Louis - School of Law and University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 95 (332,881)

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COVID-19, innovation policy, public health, intellectual property law, R&D, grants, procurement, NIH, FDA, EUA, CMS, vaccines, diagnostics, antibody testing, remdesivir, therapeutic antibodies, convalescent serum therapy, pharmaceutical manufacturing, clinical trials, N95s, 3D printing, AI

24.

Am I My Son? Human Clones and the Modern Family

11 Colum. Sci. & Tech. L. Rev. 118 (2010), Columbia Public Law Research
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 09 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 93 (337,424)

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25.

Drug Approval in a Learning Health System

102 Minn. L. Rev. 2413 (2018), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 598
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 03 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 92 (339,724)

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FDA, Learning Health Systems, Innovation, Privacy, HIPAA, Informed Consent, Big Data, Medical Innovation

26.

Risk and Resilience in Health Data Infrastructure

16 Colo. Tech. L.J. 65 (2017), U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 17-004, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 552
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 09 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 82 (364,626)
Citation 1

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Health Data, Infrastructure, Resilience

27.

Patenting Race: The Problems of Ethnic Genetic Testing Patents

8 Colum. Sci. & Tech. L. Rev. 119 (2007)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 18 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 42 (503,049)

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Genetic testing, ethnic genetic testing, personalized medicine

28.

Innovation Law and COVID-19: Promoting Incentives and Access for New Healthcare Technologies

Forthcoming in I. Glenn Cohen, Abbe Gluck, Katherine Kraschel, & Carmel Shachar, COVID-19 and the Law: Disruption, Impact and Legacy. Cambridge University Press, 2022
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 07 Jun 2021
Washington University in Saint Louis - School of Law, Stanford Law School, University of Michigan Law School and University of Illinois College of Law
Downloads 36 (531,661)

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COVID-19, innovation policy, vaccines, FDA

29.

Potential Liability for Physicians Using Artificial Intelligence

JAMA. 2019;322(18):1765-1766. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.15064
Posted: 25 May 2021
W. Nicholson Price II, Sara Gerke and I. Glenn Cohen
University of Michigan Law School, Pennsylvania State University, Dickinson Law and Harvard Law School

Abstract:

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artificial intelligence; medical malpractice, liability

30.

Regulatory Responses to Medical Machine Learning

Journal of Law and the Biosciences, Volume 7, Issue 1, January-June 2020, lsaa002, https://doi.org/10.1093/jlb/lsaa002
Posted: 14 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 07 Jul 2021
Timo Minssen, Sara Gerke, Mateo Aboy, W. Nicholson Price II and I. Glenn Cohen
University of Copenhagen - Centre for Advanced Studies in Biomedical Innovation Law (CeBIL) - Faculty of Law, Pennsylvania State University, Dickinson Law, LML, University of Cambridge, University of Michigan Law School and Harvard Law School

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Medical Devices, Artificial Intelligence, Regulation

31.

Shadow Health Records Meet New Data Privacy Laws

Science, Vol. 363, No. 6426, 01.02.2019, p. 448-450., U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-13
Posted: 25 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2020
University of Michigan Law School, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Medical School, University of Copenhagen - Centre for Advanced Studies in Biomedical Innovation Law (CeBIL) - Faculty of Law and University of Colorado Law School

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32.

How much can potential jurors tell us about liability for medical artificial intelligence?

Journal of Nuclear Medicine January 2021, 62 (1) 15-16; DOI: https://doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.120.257196
W. Nicholson Price II, Sara Gerke and I. Glenn Cohen
University of Michigan Law School, Pennsylvania State University, Dickinson Law and Harvard Law School

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Artificial Intelligence, Liability