William Thomas Worster

The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law

Senior Lecturer

Stamkartplein 40

Hague

Netherlands

http://www.hhs.nl

University of Amsterdam, Faculty of Law, Amsterdam Center for International Law

PhD Candidate

P.O. Box 1030

Amsterdam, 1000BA

Netherlands

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

42

DOWNLOADS
Rank 2,447

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 2,447

in Total Papers Downloads

17,382

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 44,236

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 44,236

in Total Papers Citations

10

CROSSREF CITATIONS

6

Scholarly Papers (42)

1.

Law, Politics, and the Conception of the State in State Recognition Theory

Boston University International Law Journal, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2009
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 15 Aug 2009
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 1,243 (20,117)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

state, statehood, recognition, constitutive, declaratory, law, politics, independent, independence, normative, legal, system, Kosovo, Yugoslavia, Montenegro, Abkhazia, South Ossetia

2.

The Evolving Definition of the Refugee in Contemporary International Law

Berkeley Journal of International Law (BJIL), Vol. 30, No. 1, 2012
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 11 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2012
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 1,220 (20,697)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

refugee, refuge, asylum, aslyee, custom, customary international law, convention, subsidiary, specially, interested, affected, OAU, Cartegna, internal, flight, relocation, safe, third, origin, manifestly, assurances UNHCR, Bangkok

3.

Immunities of United Nations Peacekeepers in the Absence of a Status of Forces Agreement

Revue de Droit Militaire et de Droit de la Guerre, Vol. 47, 2008
Number of pages: 100 Posted: 20 May 2009 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2013
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 1,077 (24,881)

Abstract:

Loading...

United Nations, UN, Status-of-Forces, Status, Forces, Agreement, SOFA, immunity, immunities, peacekeeping, peacekeeper, peacekeepers, Security Council, international, law

4.

The Inductive and Deductive Methods in Customary International Law Analysis: Traditional and Modern Approaches

Georgetown Journal of International Law, Vol. 45, No. 2, 2014
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 06 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2014
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 1,061 (25,437)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

customary, inductive, deductive, traditional, modern, international law, sources

5.

The Constitutionality of the Taxation Consequences for Renouncing U.S. Citizenship

Florida Tax Review, Vol. 9, No. 11, 2010
Number of pages: 100 Posted: 24 Jun 2010
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 1,023 (26,827)

Abstract:

Loading...

citizenship, nationality, tax, taxation, renunciation, renounce, expat, expatriate, expatriation, constitution, constitutionality, unconstitutional, fundmental, right, national, original, discrimination, exit tax

6.

The Contemporary International Law Status of the Right to Receive Asylum

International Journal of Refugee Law, Vol. 26, No. 4, 2014
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 19 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2014
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 925 (31,011)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

asylum, refugee, right, custom, international

7.

The Exercise of Jurisdiction by the International Criminal Court Over Palestine

American University International Law Review, Vol. 26, No. 5, 2012
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 30 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 06 Mar 2012
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 739 (42,188)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

Palestine, Palestinian, ICC, International Criminal Court, Rome Statute, Jurisdiction, Gaza, Israel, State, Statehood

8.

Relative International Legal Personality of Non-State Actors

Brooklyn Journal of International Law, Vol. 42, No. 1, 2016
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 29 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 19 Nov 2017
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 726 (43,208)

Abstract:

Loading...

legal personality, non-state actor, relative, functional, subjective

9.

Competition and Comity in the Fragmentation of International Law

Brooklyn Journal of International Law, Vol. 34, 2008
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 25 Jan 2009
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 654 (49,598)

Abstract:

Loading...

international legal system, legal norms, fragmentation, comity, tribunals, competition, dispute resolution, legitimacy, diversity, justice, constitutional, hierarchy, coherence

10.

The Effect of Leaked Information on the Rules of International Law

American University International Law Review, Vol. 28, No. 2, 2013
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 29 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 06 Feb 2013
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 553 (61,522)

Abstract:

Loading...

international, law, Wikileaks, treaty, custom, ex turpi, poisonous, Holy See, Kosovo

11.

The Transformation of Quantity into Quality: Critical Mass in the Formation of Customary International Law

Boston University International Law Journal, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2013
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 29 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2013
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 511 (67,812)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

international, law, custom, critical, source

12.

Between a Treaty and Not: A Case Study of the Legal Value of Diplomatic Assurances in Expulsion Cases

Minnesota Journal of International Law, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2012
Number of pages: 94 Posted: 10 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2012
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 505 (68,846)

Abstract:

Loading...

assurances, treaty, international, soft, dispute, formal, binding, unilateral, subsquent

13.

International Law and the Expulsion of Individuals with More than One Nationality

UCLA Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs, Vol. 14, No. 2, p. 423, 2009
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 27 Feb 2011
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 459 (77,435)

Abstract:

Loading...

expulsion, exclusion, deportation, nationality, citizenship, dual nationality, multiple nationality, denationalization, denaturalization

14.

Functional Statehood in Contemporary International Law

Brooklyn Journal of International Law, Vol. 46, No. 1, 2020, Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2021-19, Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2021-07
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 09 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 21 Jun 2021
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 366 (100,688)

Abstract:

Loading...

statehood, objective, subjective, relative, functional, personality, constitutive, declaratory

15.

The Obligation to Grant Nationality to Stateless Children Under Customary International Law

Michigan State International Law Review, Vol. 27 (2019)
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 21 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2019
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 362 (101,995)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

customary international law, nationality, statelessness, child, children, human rights, jus soli, jus sanguinis, UNHCR

16.

The Arms Trade Treaty Regime in International Institutional Law

University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, Vol. 36, No. 4, 2015
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 23 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 15 Sep 2015
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 318 (117,685)

Abstract:

Loading...

Arms Trade Treaty, institution, organization, Conference of States Parties, Secretariat

17.

Contracting Out of Non-Refoulement Protections

Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 27, 2017
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 14 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 27 Sep 2019
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 315 (118,867)

Abstract:

Loading...

non-refoulement, asylum, refugee, Hague Convention, European Court of Human Rights, European Convention on Human Rights, International Criminal Court, ICC, diplomatic assurances

18.

Brexit and the International Law Prohibitions on the Loss of EU Citizenship

International Organizations Law Review, Vol. 15, No. 2 (2018)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 21 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 15 Aug 2019
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 306 (123,061)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

European Union, Citizenship, Nationality, Brexit

19.

Deporting Dreamers as a Crime Against Humanity

Emory International Law Review, Vol. 33, No. 3, 2019
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 29 May 2018 Last Revised: 26 Sep 2019
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 292 (128,826)

Abstract:

Loading...

Dreamer, DACA, crime, against humanity, deportation, expulsion, removal, immigration, migration, ICCPR, own country, national, alien

20.

The Obligation to Grant Nationality to Stateless Children Under Treaty Law

Tilburg Law Review, Vol. 24, No. 2 (2019)
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 16 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2019
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 279 (135,127)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

child, stateless, nationality, treaty, UDHR, ICCPR, CRC, UNHCR

21.

Unilateral Diplomatic Assurances as an Alternative to Provisional Measures

Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2016
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 18 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 19 Nov 2017
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 277 (136,707)

Abstract:

Loading...

expulsion, non-refoulement, assurance, undertaking, declaration, measure, provisional, interim

22.

Maps Serving as Facts or Law in International Law

Connecticut Journal of International Law, Vol. 33, No. 2, 2018
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 21 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2019
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 267 (141,452)

Abstract:

Loading...

map, mapping, international law, act, fact, evidence

23.

The Presumption of Customary International Law: A Case Study of Child Statelessness

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 27 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 05 Feb 2018
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 261 (144,687)

Abstract:

Loading...

stateless, child, customary, international law, presumption, evidence, practice, opinio juris, concordant, treaty

24.

The Influence of the Map on Uti Possidetis Juris and Territorial Integrity

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 20 Dec 2017
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 259 (145,853)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

map, mapping, uti possidetis, territorial, territory, integrity, international law, colony, colonialization

25.

European Union Citizenship and the Unlawful Denial of Member State Nationality

Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020-58, Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2020-28
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 08 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 21 Jun 2021
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 254 (148,652)

Abstract:

Loading...

EU, citizenship, nationality, revocation, denationalization, renunciation, naturalization, statelessness, human rights, child, ICC, state responsibility, jus cogens, ex injuria, Rottman, Micheletti, Tjebbes, Namibia

26.

Territorial Status Triggering a Functional Approach to Statehood

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2019
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 06 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 27 Sep 2019
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 249 (151,662)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

state, statehood, personality, functional, relative, status, colonial, imperial, mandate, occupied, annexed, administration, secession, European Union, EU, Palestine, Kosovo, Taiwan

27.

The Frailties of Maps as Evidence in International Law

Journal of International Dispute Settlement, Vol. 9, No. 4 (2018)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 20 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2019
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 243 (155,219)

Abstract:

Loading...

map, mapping, evidence, dispute, Vienna Convention, International Court of Justice

28.

Revisiting the Pledge by the UK Regarding the 'Five Techniques'

Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020-59, Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2020-29
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 19 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 21 Jun 2021
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 239 (157,700)

Abstract:

Loading...

torture, Five Techniques, unilateral, pledge, promise, ECHR, European Court of Human Rights

29.

Questioning US Immigration Law Compliance with Treaties for Trade and Investment

Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020-57, Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2020-27
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 16 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 21 Jun 2021
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 233 (161,661)

Abstract:

Loading...

Friendship, Commerce and Navigation, FCN, Bilateral Investment Treaty, BIT, Free-Trade Agreement, FTA, ICSID, investment dispute, trader, investor, E-1, E-2

30.

The Human Rights Obligations of the Holy See under the Convention on the Rights of the Child

Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020-56, Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2020-26
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 24 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 21 Jun 2021
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 229 (164,341)

Abstract:

Loading...

Holy See, Vatican, Pope, Rights of the Child, CRC, human rights, child, non-state, jurisdiction, extraterritorial, control

31.

Using American Jurisprudence to Resolve the British Separation of Powers Following the Human Rights Act 1998

Oregon Review of International Law, Vol. 5, 2003
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 02 Dec 2008
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 221 (170,064)

Abstract:

Loading...

constitution, United Kingdom, U.K., United States, U.S., Human Rights Act, judicial review, parliament, Marbury v. Madison, common law, stare decisis, entrenchment, separation of powers, judiciary, European Convention on Human Rights

32.

The Contribution to Customary International Law by Territories Under International Administration

Forthcoming, Jean d'Aspremont & Sufyan Droubi, eds., International Organizations and the Formation of Customary International Law (Manchester University Press, 2018)
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 21 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2017
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 218 (173,057)

Abstract:

Loading...

customary, international law, territorial, administration, ITA, United Nations, UN, UNTAES, UNMIK, UNTAET, UNOSOM, OHR, ILC, Saar, Danzig, League of Nations, CP, UNTAC, Namibia

33.

Human Rights Law and the Taxation Consequences for Renouncing Citizenship

St. Louis University Law Journal, Vol. 62, 2017
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 21 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2019
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 218 (172,308)

Abstract:

Loading...

tax, taxation, human rights, expatriation, renunciation, renounce, exit tax, nationality, citizenship

34.

Conflicts between United States Immigration Law and the General Agreement on Trade in Services: Most-Favored-Nation Obligation

Texas International Law Journal, Vol. 42, 2006
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 29 Nov 2008
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 215 (174,562)

Abstract:

Loading...

United States, law, immigration, nonimmigrant, World Trade Organization, WTO, General Agreement on Trade in Services, GATS, dispute settlement

35.

ICTY Article 8. Territorial and Temporal Jurisdiction

P. de Hert, et al., eds., Code of International Criminal Law and Procedure, Annotated (Larcier, 2013)
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 25 Apr 2014
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 203 (184,133)

Abstract:

Loading...

jurisdiction, territorial, temporal, criminal, ICTY

36.

Al Jazeera at the International Court of Justice: Protecting Media Corporations Under Human Rights Law

Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020-55, Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2020-25
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 27 Feb 2020 Last Revised: 21 Jun 2021
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 182 (203,142)

Abstract:

Loading...

CERD, discrimination, ICJ, International Court of Justice, committee, race, racial, media, news, corporation, company, legal person

37.

The Application of Human Rights Jurisdiction by the Netherlands to Avoid Asylum Claims by International Criminal Court Witnesses

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 21 Nov 2017
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 146 (244,717)

Abstract:

Loading...

Non-Refoulement, International Criminal Court, Netherlands, Witnesses, De Facto, De Jure, Control, European Convention On Human Rights, ECHR, Jurisdiction

38.

Renouncing US Citizenship Through Expatriation

Michael H. Davis, et al., eds., The Consular Practice Handbook (American Immigration Lawyers Association, 2012)
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 28 Apr 2014
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 137 (257,435)

Abstract:

Loading...

citizenship, nationality, renunciation, renounce, expatriation

39.

The Emergence of EU Citizenship as a Direct Legal Bond with the Union

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 06 Feb 2018
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 130 (267,885)

Abstract:

Loading...

European Union, EU, citizenship, Member State, MS, nationality, legal bond

40.

ICTY Article 6. Personal Jurisdiction

P. de Hert, et al., eds., Code of International Criminal Law and Procedure, Annotated (Larcier, 2013)
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 25 Apr 2014
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 108 (306,045)

Abstract:

Loading...

jurisdiction, personal, criminal, ICTY

41.

Book Review, Kenneth S. Gallant, The Principle of Legality in International and Comparative Law (Cambridge University Press, 2009) (unedited)

Journal of International Criminal Justice, Vol. 9, No. 4, 2014
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 30 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 20 Oct 2014
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 94 (335,374)

Abstract:

Loading...

international, criminal, law, legality, nullum crimen, retroactivity, certainty

42.

The Arms Trade Treaty, Article 18, Secretariat

C. Da Silva & B. Wood, eds., Weapons and International Law: The Arms Trade Treaty (Larcier, 2015)
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 25 Jan 2016
William Thomas Worster
The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law
Downloads 65 (414,866)

Abstract:

Loading...

arms, trade, secretariat, institutional law, organization