Rob Frieden

Pennsylvania State Law

Affiliate Professor

Lewis Katz Building

University Park, PA 16802

United States

http://https://pennstatelaw.psu.edu/faculty/frieden

Pennsylvania State University - Donald P. Bellisario College of Communications

Pioneers Chair and Professor of Telecommunications and Law

University Park, PA 16802

United States

http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/r/m/rmf5/

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

72

DOWNLOADS
Rank 4,460

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 4,460

in Total Papers Downloads

11,356

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 16,457

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 16,457

in Total Papers Citations

27

CROSSREF CITATIONS

41

Scholarly Papers (72)

1.

Internet 3.0: Identifying Problems and Solutions to the Network Neutrality Debate

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 09 Feb 2007
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 891 (32,581)

Abstract:

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network neutrality, Internet, next generation networks, new media

2.

Network Neutrality or Bias? - Handicapping the Odds for a Tiered and Branded Internet

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 29 Mar 2006
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 888 (32,726)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Internet, network neutrality, network bias, tiered Internet

3.

Best Practices in Broadband: Lessons from Canada, Japan, Korea and the United States

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 24 Jul 2004
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 584 (57,352)
Citation 7

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ICT, broadband, development, Internet

4.
Downloads 568 (59,314)
Citation 2

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two-sided markets, platforms, intermediaries, Internet marketplace, Internet regulation, cyberlaw, competition policy, antitrust, FCC, FTC, DoJ

5.
Downloads 472 (74,682)

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Internet, Digital Divide, Telecommunications Development, Technology Diffusion

6.

Analog and Digital Must-Carry Obligations of Cable and Satellite Television Operators in the United States

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 22 Apr 2005
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 435 (82,333)
Citation 2

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Cable television, direct broadcast satellite, must carry

7.

A Primer on Network Neutrality

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 07 Nov 2007
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 415 (86,942)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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network neutrality, next generation networks, Internet, peering, interconnection

8.

Next Generation Television and the Migration from Channels to Platforms

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 28 Jul 2012
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 334 (111,439)

Abstract:

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Internet Protocol Television, Over the Top Television, New Media, Digital Rights Management

Downloads 278 (134,714)
Citation 3

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First Amendment, Internet Service Provider, safe harbor, network neutrality, FCC

Downloads 52 (468,209)

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10.

Revenge of the Bellheads: How the Netheads Lost Control of the Internet

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 12 Nov 2001
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 319 (117,063)
Citation 1

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11.

Regulatory Arbitrage Strategies and Tactics in Telecommunications

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 12 Dec 2003
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 313 (119,447)

Abstract:

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regulatory arbitrage, regulatory asymmetry, telecommunications policy

12.

An Introduction to Data Property Ownership Rights and Data Protection Responsibilities

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 08 Aug 2019
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 307 (121,932)

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data property, data protection, intellectual property, data mining, Big Data, data analytics, privacy, cybersecurity

13.
Downloads 303 (123,671)
Citation 8

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network neutrality, intellectual property rights, Digital Millennium Copyright Act, digital rights management, safe harbors, fair use

14.

Ex Ante Versus Ex Post Approaches to Network Neutrality: A Cost Benefit Analysis

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 10 Sep 2014
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 268 (140,599)
Citation 3

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network neutrality, open Internet, information services, telecommunications services common carriage, ex ante regulation, ex post regulation

15.

Without Public Peer: The Potential Regulatory and Universal Service Consequences of Internet Balkanization

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 14 Jul 1998
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 256 (147,247)
Citation 6

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16.

The Internet of Platforms and Two-Sided Markets: Implications for Competition and Consumers

Number of pages: 64 Posted: 20 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2017
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 250 (150,772)

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Internet platforms, walled gardens, market power, positive network effects, open Internet, network neutrality

17.

Network Neutrality and its Potential Impact on Next Generation Networks

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 02 Nov 2007
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 243 (154,915)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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network neutrality, next generation networks, content platforms

18.

Wither Convergence: Legal, Regulatory and Trade Opportunism in Telecommunications

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 31 May 2002
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 238 (158,090)
Citation 1

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regulatory asymmetry, arbitrage, Internet telephony, international accounting rates, regulatory opportunism

19.

The Opportunities and Threats from Next Generation Television

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 05 Nov 2011
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 228 (164,776)

Abstract:

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Internet Protocol Television, Television Over the Top, next generation television

20.

Lies, Damn Lies and Statistics: Developing a Clearer Assessment of Market Penetration and Broadband Competition in the United States

Penn State Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-2008
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 14 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 23 Dec 2013
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 188 (197,056)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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broadband, telecommunications, market penetration, statistics, next generation networks,

21.

The Fcc's Name Game: How Shifting Regulatory Classifications Affect Competition

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 25 Jul 2004
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 167 (218,337)
Citation 3

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Telecommunications, internet, regulation, regulatory asymmetry

22.

What's New in the Network Neutrality Debate

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 28 Sep 2014
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 165 (220,591)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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network neutrality, open Internet, interconnection, peering, best efforts routing

23.

Balancing Equity and Efficiency Issues in the Management of Shared Global Radiocommunication Resources

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 24 Feb 2003
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 159 (227,560)
Citation 2

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Spectrum management, satellites, spectrum commons, competitive bidding

24.

Hold the Phone: Assessing the Rights of Wireless Handset Owners and Carriers

Number of pages: 59 Posted: 07 Jan 2008
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 153 (234,974)

Abstract:

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wireless, unbundling, Carterfone policy, network neutrality

Downloads 110 (303,330)
Citation 1

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universal service, VoIP, ICT development

Downloads 32 (565,911)

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Assessing the Merits of Network Neutrality Obligations at Low, Medium and High Network Layers

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 26 Jul 2010
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 97 (330,565)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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network neutrality, layered regulation

Assessing the Merits of Network Neutrality Obligations at Low, Medium and High Network Layers

TPRC 2010
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 18 Jan 2012
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 43 (507,996)

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The Mixed Blessing of a Deregulatory Endpoint for the Public Switched Telephone Network

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 20 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2012
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 83 (365,006)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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common carriage, public swithced telecommunications network, interconnection, role of regulation, peering, telecommunications service, information service

The Mixed Blessing of a Deregulatory Endpoint for the Public Switched Telephone Network

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 14 Mar 2012
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 50 (476,615)

Abstract:

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common carriage, public switched telephone network, regulatory reform, deregulation, information service, telecommunication service, peering, interconnection

28.

WRC-19 and 5G Spectrum Planning

TPRC47: The 47th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy 2019
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 26 Jul 2019
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 129 (268,960)

Abstract:

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World Radio Conference 2019, International Telecommunication Union, spectrum planning, spectrum management, 5G wireless

Neither Fish Nor Fowl: New Strategies for Selective Regulation of Information Services

Number of pages: 59 Posted: 01 Aug 2007
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 113 (297,549)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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next generation networks, VoIP, ancillary regulation, telecommunications policy, information services

Neither Fish Nor Fowl: New Strategies for Selective Regulation of Information Services

TPRC 2007
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 10 Jul 2012
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 14 (695,597)

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30.

The Evolving 5G Case Study in Spectrum Management and Industrial Policy

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 21 Mar 2019
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 124 (277,064)
Citation 2

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5G Wireless, Spectrum Planning, Spectrum Management, International Telecommunication Union, 2015 World Administrative Radio Conference

Can Internet Service Providers Lawfully Enhance, or Degrade Third Party Content?

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 18 May 2017
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 74 (390,554)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Zero Rating, Sponsored Data, Network Neutrality, Open Internet, Paid Prioritization, IPTV, Video, Internet Regulation

Can Internet Service Providers Lawfully Enhance, or Degrade Third Party Content?

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 25 Feb 2017
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 49 (480,802)

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network neutrality, open internet, zero rating, sponsored data, service tiering, price discrimination, new media, paid prioritization

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zero rating, sponsored data, unlimited data, network neutrality, open Internet, First Amendment

Rationales For and Against FCC Involvement in Resolving Internet Service Provider Interconnection Disputes

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 12 May 2011
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 81 (370,416)
Citation 2

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Internet Peering, FCC Jurisdiction, Interconnection, Information Service

Rationales for and Against FCC Involvement in Resolving Internet Service Provider Interconnection Disputes

TPRC 2011
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 16 Jan 2012
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 42 (512,773)

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New Models and Conflicts in the Interconnection and Delivery of Internet-Mediated Content

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 21 Mar 2014
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 77 (381,694)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Internet interconnection, peering, transiting, next generation networks

New Models and Conflicts in the Interconnection and Delivery of Internet-Mediated Content

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 10 Apr 2014
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 37 (537,974)

Abstract:

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Internet interconnection, carrier compensation arrangements, peering, next generation networks

New Models and Conflicts in the Interconnection and Delivery of Internet-Mediated Content

Posted: 22 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2014
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law

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Internet interconnection, Internet compensation models, paid peering, Content Distribution Networks, IPTV

Two-Sided Internet Markets and the Need to Assess Both Upstream and Downstream Impacts

Number of pages: 56 Posted: 10 Aug 2018
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 61 (433,583)

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Two-Sided Markets, Broadband Intermediaries, Broadband Platforms, Internet Ecosystem, Internet Unicorns, Vertical Restraints, Ecommerce, Antitrust

Two Sided Internet Markets and the Need to Assess Both Upstream and Downstream Impacts

TPRC 46: The 46th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy 2018
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 14 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 22 Aug 2018
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 51 (472,438)
Citation 1

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double-sided markets, platforms, Internet intermediaries, positive network economies, gig economy

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Internet interconnection disputes, retransmission consent, peering, Internet Service Providers, Internet content delivery, IPTV

Net Bias and the Treatment of 'Mission-Critical' Bits

2014 TPRC Conference Paper
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 25 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2014
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 64 (422,899)

Abstract:

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paid peering, network neutrality, open Internet, bottleneck, next generation networks, information service

Net Bias and the Treatment of 'Mission-Critical' Bits

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 10 Apr 2014
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 46 (493,938)

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Internet quality of service, discrimination, interconnection, best efforts routing, better than best efforts routing

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Internet interconnection, Internet compensation arrangements, peering, paid peering, IPTV, Content Distribution Networks, Over the Top applications, broadband

38.

How Internet Platform Intermediaries Operate

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 14 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 16 Aug 2018
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 100 (321,827)

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Two-Sided Markets, Internet Platforms, Internet Intermediaries, Positive Networking Externalities, Winner Take All

39.

Assessing the Need for More Incentives to Stimulate Next Generation Network Investment

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 01 Apr 2010
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 96 (330,269)
Citation 1

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broadband development, universal service, National Broadband Plan, ICT development

40.
Downloads 92 (339,353)

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Network Neutrality, Federal Internet Policy, FCC

41.

Grey Nuances in the Black and White Debate Over Subsidized Internet Access

TPRC 44: The 44th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy 2016
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 26 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2016
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 91 (341,689)
Citation 2

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network neutrality, open internet, zero rating, sponsored data, ICT4D, universal service

42.

Assessing Merger Impacts on Consumer Welfare in a Converging Internet Marketplace

Number of pages: 58 Posted: 06 Aug 2019
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 84 (358,995)

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Antitrust Enforcement, Vertical Mergers, Horizontal Mergers, Two-Sided Markets, Broadband Platforms, Broadband Intermediaries, Chicago School Antitrust Doctrine, Technological Convergence, Market Convergence

43.

Lock Down on the Third Screen: How Wireless Carriers Evade Regulation of Their Video Services

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 09 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 23 Dec 2013
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 75 (383,419)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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wireless, next generation networks, telecommunications regulation, information services, handsets

44.
Downloads 70 (398,216)
Citation 1

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FCC, Internet, information service, telecommunications service, network neutrality, FCC jurisdiction

45.

Network Neutrality and Consumer Demand for 'Better than Best Efforts' Traffic Management

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 29 May 2015
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 68 (404,455)

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network neutrality, open Internet, FCC, best efforts routing, better than best efforts routing, Internet Protocol Television, Over the Top, broadband, next generation networks

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telecommunications, incentive creation, regulatory arbitrage, FCC, broadband development, best practices

47.

Identifying Best Practices in Financing Next Generation Networks

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 21 Sep 2012
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 64 (417,389)

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ICT4D, next generation networks, ICT financing, best practices

48.

Deja vu All Over Again: Questions and a Few Suggestions on How the FCC Can Lawfully Regulate Internet Access

Number of pages: 62 Posted: 29 May 2015 Last Revised: 17 Aug 2015
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 60 (431,108)

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network neutrality, open interenet, common carriage, FCC, next generation networks, information service, telecommunications service

49.

The Rise of Quasi-Common Carriers and Conduit Convergence

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 07 May 2013 Last Revised: 19 Aug 2013
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 55 (449,265)

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common carriage, quasi-common carriers, information service, convergence, regulatory reform, data roaming

50.

From Bad to Worst: Assessing the Long Term Consequences of Four Very Bad FCC Decisions

Number of pages: 57 Posted: 26 May 2011
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 53 (456,699)

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FCC, regulatory reform, information service classification, local loop unbundling, structural separation, common carrier, duty to deal, antitrust, spectrum caps

51.

Case Studies in Abandoned Empiricism and the Lack of Peer Review at the Federal Communications Commission

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 01 Sep 2009
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 52 (460,493)
Citation 1

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peer review, telecommunications policy, Federal Communications Commission, regulation

52.

Challenges to the Conventional Wisdom About Mergers and Consumer Welfare in a Converging Internet Marketplace

TPRC48: The 48th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 14 Dec 2020
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 51 (464,484)

Abstract:

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antitrust, Chicago School antitrust doctrine, vertical integration, multichannel video programming distributors, media market concentration, IPTV, broadband, over the top video

53.

The Mixed Blessing in Subsidized Internet Access

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 05 Nov 2016
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 47 (480,676)

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zero rating, sponsored data, network neutrality, open internet, cross-subsidies, universal service, broadband

54.

Do Conduit Neutrality Mandates Promote or Hinder Trust in Internet-Mediated Transactions?

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 05 Nov 2011
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 47 (480,676)

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ISPs, network neutrality, trust, ecommerce

55.

The Impact of Next Generation Television on Consumers and the First Amendment

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 07 May 2013
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 35 (536,203)
Citation 1

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IPTV, convergence, regulatory reform, information service, Over The Top Content

56.

The Telecommunications Meltdown in the United States: Reasons and Solutions

TPRC 2003
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 10 May 2012
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 25 (593,831)

Abstract:

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57.

There’s Probably a Blackout in Your Television Future: Tracking New Carriage Negotiation Strategies Between Video Content Programmers and Distributors

TPRC48: The 48th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 21 Dec 2020
Rob Frieden, Krishna Jayakar and Eun-A Park
Pennsylvania State Law, Pennsylvania State University - Donald P. Bellisario College of Communications and Western State Colorado University
Downloads 21 (620,600)

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video content blackouts, retransmission consent, multi-channel video program distributors, over the top broadband applications, streaming, broadband, new media, video marketplace

58.

The Evolving 5G Case Study in the United States Unilateral Spectrum Planning and Policy

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 25 Jul 2020
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 14 (670,567)

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WRC-19, ITU, International Spectrum Planning, Spectrum Management, FCC Spectrum Allocation, 5G Wireless

59.

Blackouts in Retransmission Consent Negotiations: Empirical Analysis of Factors Predicting Their Frequency and Duration

TPRC48: The 48th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 17 Dec 2020
Eun-A Park, Rob Frieden and Krishna Jayakar
Western State Colorado University, Pennsylvania State Law and Pennsylvania State University
Downloads 11 (693,475)

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retransmission consent; television broadcasting, consolidation, cable TV, MVPDs, OTT video

60.

Win, Lose and Draw: Outcomes from the 2019 World Radio Conference

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 08 Sep 2020
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law
Downloads 11 (693,475)

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International Telecommunication Union, 2019 World Radio Conference, Spectrum Planning, Spectrum Management, FCC, National Security, Trade Policy, Telecommunications Law and Policy

61.

Confusing Convergence: How Courts Misunderstand Internet-Delivered Services

Posted: 20 Mar 2017
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law

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convergence, FCC, FTC, jurisdiction, common carriage, telecommunications service, throttling, unlimited data

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open internet, network neutrality, platforms, walled gardens, interconnection, compensation arrangements

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open internet, network neutrality, paid prioritization, best efforts routing, better than best efforts routing, QOS discrimination, price discrimination, double-sided markets, platforms

Building Trust in the Internet of Things

Posted: 26 Mar 2016
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law

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Internet of Things, sensors, permission-less innovation, cubesats, low earth orbiting satellites, privacy, drones

Building Trust in the Internet of Things

Posted: 20 Mar 2017
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law

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Internet of Things, Trust, cubesats, reasonable expctation of privacy

65.

Statutory Interpretation and Extra Innings Advocacy For and Against Network Neutrality

Posted: 22 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2014
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law

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Network Neutrality, FCC jurisdiction, Open Internet, next generation networks

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judicial deference, regulatory agency expertise, jurisdiction, information services, next generation networks

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ancillary jurisdiction, limits to FCC jurisdiction, ISP regulatory status, information service, next generation networks

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antitrust, competition policy, ex ante regulation, ex post judicial review, consumer protection

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FCC, jurisdiction, Title I, Title II, ancillary jurisdiction, convergence

70.

Shared Lessons for Managers of Airport Slots and Spectrum

Posted: 20 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2012
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law

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spectrum management, wireless, auctions

71.

Does a Hierarchical Internet Necessitate Multilateral Intervention?

Posted: 22 Mar 2001
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law

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Internet governance, Internet peering, Internet interconnection

72.

Universal Service: When Technologies Converge and Regulatory Models Diverge

Posted: 22 Feb 2001
Rob Frieden
Pennsylvania State Law

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