Richard A. Leo

University of San Francisco

Hamill Professor of Law and Psychology

2130 Fulton Street

San Francisco, CA 94117

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

91

DOWNLOADS
Rank 386

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 386

in Total Papers Downloads

57,618

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 3,287

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 3,287

in Total Papers Citations

135

CROSSREF CITATIONS

278

Scholarly Papers (91)

1.

False Confessions: Causes, Consequences and Implications

The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 2009, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2009-11
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 16 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 18 Oct 2009
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 5,402 (1,757)
Citation 1

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false confession, wrongful conviction, empirical research

2.

Police-Induced Confessions: Risk Factors and Recommendations

Law and Human Behavior, 2009, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-13
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 07 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2010
John Jay College of Criminal Justice, Northwestern University - School of Law, Bluhm Legal Clinic, University of Massachusetts Worcester - Medical School, King's College London, University of San Francisco and State University of New York (SUNY) - School of Criminal Justice
Downloads 4,932 (2,065)
Citation 9

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police interviews, interrogations, false confessions

3.

The Three Errors: Pathways to False Confession and Wrongful Conviction

G. Daniel Lassiter & Christian Meissner, eds., Police Interrogations and False Confessions: Current Research, Practice, and Policy Recommendations (American Psychological Association, 2010), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2012-04
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 27 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2013
Richard A. Leo and Steven A. Drizin
Downloads 3,951 (3,062)
Citation 1

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police-induced false confessions, wrongful convictions, police interrogations, law enforcement, misclassification error, coercion error, contamination error

4.

The Problem of False Confessions in the Post-DNA World

North Carolina Law Review, Vol. 82, 2004
Number of pages: 117 Posted: 16 May 2008
Richard A. Leo and Steven A. Drizin
Downloads 2,276 (7,742)
Citation 18

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Criminal procedure, false confessions, DNA testing, law enforcement, interrogations, taping, recording, wrongful arrest, wrongful conviction

5.

The Social Psychology of Police Interrogation: The Theory and Classification of True and False Confessions

Studies in Law, Politics, and Society, Vol. 16, 1997
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 10 Jun 2008
Richard A. Leo and Richard J. Ofshe
University of San Francisco and University of California, Berkeley - Department of Sociology
Downloads 2,014 (9,440)
Citation 4

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Criminal procedure, criminal justice, law enforcement, police interrogations, false confessions

6.

Strategies for Preventing False Confessions and Their Consequences

PRACTICAL PSYCHOLOGY FOR FORENSIC INVESTIGATIONS AND PROSECUTIONS, Mark R. Kebbell and Graham M. Davies, eds., Wiley & Sons, 2006, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2011-20
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 17 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 02 Aug 2011
Deborah Davis and Richard A. Leo
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 1,938 (10,048)
Citation 3

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false confessions, wrongful convictions, interrogation methods, police, law enforcement

7.

Studying Wrongful Convictions: Learning from Social Science

Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, Vol. 7, 2009, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-11
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 06 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2010
Richard A. Leo and Jon B. Gould
University of San Francisco and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 1,685 (12,566)

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criminal law, criminology, wrongful convictions, empirical research, social science methodology

8.

From False Confession to Wrongful Conviction: Seven Psychological Processes

Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 2009, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2009-28
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 16 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 09 Sep 2010
Richard A. Leo and Deborah Davis
University of San Francisco and University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology
Downloads 1,635 (13,196)
Citation 2

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false confession, wrongful conviction, police interrogation

9.

The Decision to Confess Falsely: Rational Choice and Irrational Action

Denver University Law Review, Vol. 74, No. #, 1997
Number of pages: 144 Posted: 19 May 2008
Richard A. Leo and Richard J. Ofshe
University of San Francisco and University of California, Berkeley - Department of Sociology
Downloads 1,478 (15,486)
Citation 10

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Criminal procedure, law enforcement, false confessions, taping, recording, interrogation techniques, empirical legal research

10.

One Hundred Years Later: Wrongful Convictions After a Century of Research

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 100, No. 3, 2010, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-28
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 27 May 2010 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2011
Jon B. Gould and Richard A. Leo
affiliation not provided to SSRN and University of San Francisco
Downloads 1,319 (18,437)
Citation 3

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wronfgful convictions, criminal justice

11.

The Ethics of Deceptive Interrogation

Vol. 11, Criminal Justice Ethics, 1992
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 10 Jun 2008
Richard A. Leo and Jerome H. Skolnick
University of San Francisco and New York University School of Law
Downloads 1,091 (24,432)
Citation 3

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Criminal procedure, criminal justice, law enforcement, interrogation techniques

12.

Bringing Reliability Back in: False Confessions and Legal Safeguards in the Twenty-First Century

Wisconsin Law Review, 2006, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2009-04
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 21 May 2008 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2013
University of San Francisco, Northwestern University - School of Law, Bluhm Legal Clinic, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law - Innocence Project, Federal Defender Office, Detroit and Harvard College
Downloads 1,044 (26,042)
Citation 1

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Criminal procedure, false confessions, DNA testing, interrogations, law enforcement, electronic recording, voluntariness jurisprudence, corroboration rules, Central Park Jogger case

13.

Psychological and Cultural Aspects of Interrogations and False Confessions: Using Research to Inform Legal Decision-Making

PSYCHOLOGICAL EXPERTISE IN COURT: PSYCHOLOGY IN THE COURTROOM, Daniel A. Krauss, Joes D. Lieberman, eds., Ashgate, 2009 , Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2011-06
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 18 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2011
Richard A. Leo, Mark Costanzo and Netta Shaked-Schroer
University of San Francisco, Claremont McKenna College and Claremont Colleges - Claremont Graduate University
Downloads 1,019 (26,962)

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wrongful convictions, false confessions, interrogations, police, law enforcement

14.

Mental Health and False Confessions

in Elizabeth Kelley, ed., Representing People With Mental Disabilities (2018 Forthcoming), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2017-16
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 30 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 02 Oct 2017
William C. Follette, Richard A. Leo and Deborah Davis
University of Nevada, Reno, University of San Francisco and University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology
Downloads 1,013 (27,202)

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mental health, disability law, criminal law, false confessions, wrongful convictions, criminal procedure, interrogation

15.

Inside the Interrogation Room

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 86, 1996
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 16 May 2008
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 984 (28,348)
Citation 15

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Criminal procedure, Miranda, law enforcement, interrogation techniques, empirical legal research

16.

The Consequences of False Confessions: Deprivations of Liberty and Miscarriages of Justice in the Age of Psychological Interrogation

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 88, 1998
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 16 May 2008
Richard A. Leo and Richard J. Ofshe
University of San Francisco and University of California, Berkeley - Department of Sociology
Downloads 843 (35,242)
Citation 14

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Criminal procedure, Miranda, false confessions, criminal justice system, empirical legal research, interrogations, taping, recording, wrongful convictions

17.

Jurors Believe Interrogation Tactics are Not Likely to Elicit False Confessions: Will Expert Witness Testimony Inform Them Otherwise?

Psychology, Crime & Law, (Online), pp. 1-22, 2010, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2011-05
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 16 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2011
Iris Blandon-Gitlin, Kathryn Sperry and Richard A. Leo
affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN and University of San Francisco
Downloads 819 (36,636)
Citation 1

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interrogation techniques, jury decision-making, expert testimony, false confessions

18.

The Effects of Miranda v. Arizona: Embedded in Our National Culture?

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 29, 2002
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 06 Jun 2008
Richard A. Leo and George C. Thomas
University of San Francisco and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - Rutgers Law School
Downloads 816 (36,823)
Citation 1

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Criminal procedure, Miranda v. Arizona, criminal justice, interrogation techniques

19.

From Coercion to Deception: The Changing Nature of Police Interrogation in America

Crime, Law, and Social Change, Vol. 18, 1992
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 06 Jun 2008
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 742 (41,940)
Citation 1

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Criminal procedure, criminal justice, law enforcement, interrogation techniques

20.

Police Interrogation and American Justice

Richard A. Leo, Police Interrogation and American Justice (Harvard University Press 2008)
Number of pages: 329 Posted: 03 Apr 2013
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 692 (46,160)

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police interrogation, wrongful conviction, false confession, criminal law, criminal procedure, criminal justice

21.

False Confessions in the Twenty-First Century

The Champion magazine, (2016) Forthcoming, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2016-15
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 05 May 2016 Last Revised: 17 May 2016
Richard A. Leo and Brian L. Cutler
University of San Francisco and Ontario Tech University
Downloads 673 (47,854)

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Miranda v. Arizona, police interrogation, false confessions, wrongful convictions, criminal law, law enforcement

22.

Research and Expert Testimony on Interrogations and Confessions

EXPERT PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTIMONY FOR THE COURTS, pp. 69-98, Mark Costanzo, Daniel Krauss, and Kathy Pezdek, eds., Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2007
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 11 Dec 2009
Mark Costanzo and Richard A. Leo
Claremont McKenna College and University of San Francisco
Downloads 653 (49,712)

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interrogations, false confessions, expert testimony

23.

Police Interrogation and Social Control

Vol. 3, Social and Legal Studies, 1994
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 10 Jun 2008
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 653 (49,712)
Citation 1

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Criminal procedure, criminal justice, law enforcement, interrogation techniques

24.

The Truth About False Confessions and Advocacy Scholarship

Vol. 37, Criminal Law Bulletin, 2001
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 10 Jun 2008
Richard A. Leo and Richard J. Ofshe
University of San Francisco and University of California, Berkeley - Department of Sociology
Downloads 627 (52,512)
Citation 1

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Criminal procedure, Paul Cassell, wrongful convictions, false confessions, interrogation techniques

25.

Rethinking the Study of Miscarriages of Justice: Developing a Criminology of Wrongful Conviction

Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 201-223, 2005
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 24 May 2008 Last Revised: 14 Oct 2009
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 612 (54,181)
Citation 1

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criminal procedure, miscarriage of justice, law enforcement, wrongful conviction, criminology, empirical legal research

26.

Police Interrogation and Suspect Confessions: Social Science, Law and Public Policy

in Erik Luna, ed. Academy for Justice: A Report on Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform (2017, Forthcoming)., Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2017-06
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 22 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 31 Mar 2017
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 609 (54,521)

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criminal law, criminal procedure, false confession, police interrogation, law enforcement, wrongful conviction

27.

Miranda's Revenge: Police Interrogation as a Confidence Game

Law and Society Review, Vol. 30, 1996
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 16 May 2008
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 597 (55,881)
Citation 1

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Criminal procedure, Miranda, law enforcement, interrogations, confessions

28.

Interrogations and Confessions

in Jay Albanese, ed., THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CRIMINOLOGY & CRIMINAL JUSTICE (John Wiley & Sons 2014)., Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 12 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2014
Deborah Davis and Richard A. Leo
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 593 (56,372)

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interrogation, false confession, police, wrongful conviction, innocence, criminal procedure

29.

What Do Potential Jurors Know about Police Interrogation Techniques and False Confessions?

Behavioral Sciences and the Law, April 2009, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2009-17
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 14 May 2009 Last Revised: 07 Oct 2009
Richard A. Leo and Brittany Liu
University of San Francisco and University of California, Irvine
Downloads 583 (57,577)
Citation 1

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psychological police interrogation methods, law enforcement, false confessions, juries, expert testimony

30.

Predicting Erroneous Convictions: A Social Science Approach to Miscarriages of Justice

Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2013-20
Number of pages: 434 Posted: 12 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2014
American University - School of Public Affairs, American University, University of San Francisco and American University
Downloads 576 (58,517)
Citation 6

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wrongful conviction, erroneous conviction, prosecutorial misconduct, false confessions, eyewitness misidentification, criminal law, criminal procedure

31.

Police-Induced Confessions, Risk Factors and Recommendations: Looking Ahead

Law and Human Behavior, Vol. 34, 2010
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 01 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2010
John Jay College of Criminal Justice, Northwestern University - School of Law, Bluhm Legal Clinic, University of Massachusetts Worcester - Medical School, King's College London, University of San Francisco and State University of New York (SUNY) - School of Criminal Justice
Downloads 564 (59,976)

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Police Interviews, Interrogations, False Confessions

32.

The Path to Exoneration

Albany Law Review, 2016 Forthcoming, American University School of Public Affairs Research Paper No. 2016-02, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2016-03
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 24 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2016
Jon B. Gould and Richard A. Leo
American University - School of Public Affairs and University of San Francisco
Downloads 554 (61,387)

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criminal law, criminal procedure, criminal justice reform, exoneration, wrongful convictions, empirical studies

33.

The Problem of Interrogation-Induced False Confession: Sources of Failure in Prevention and Detection

In Stephen Morewitz & Mark Goldstein, eds., The Handbook of Forensic Sociology and Psychology (Springer, 2013 Forthcoming), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2012-28
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 16 May 2012 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2013
Deborah Davis and Richard A. Leo
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 543 (62,929)

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false confession, wrongful conviction, American law enforcement, interrogation

34.

The Third Degree and the Origins of Psychological Interrogation in the United States

INTERROGATIONS, CONFESSIONS, AND ENTRAPMENT, G. Daniel Lassiter, ed., Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2004
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 05 Apr 2010
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 532 (64,481)
Citation 6

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third degree, police interrogations, Wickersham Commission, law enforcement

35.

Police Interviewing and Interrogation: A Self-Report Survey of Police Practices and Beliefs

Law and Human Behavior, Vol. 31, 2007, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-12
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 07 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2010
University of San Francisco, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, National Science Foundation - Law & Social Sciences Program Director, University of San Francisco - College of Arts & Sciences, Connecticut Valley Hospital, Queen's University and Loyola College in Maryland
Downloads 507 (68,510)
Citation 2

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criminal procedure, criminal justice, law enforcement, interrogation tactics

36.

Promoting Accuracy in the Use of Confession Evidence: An Argument for Pretrial Reliability Assessments to Prevent Wrongful Convictions

85 Temple Law Review 759 (2013), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2013-12, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 13-03
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 12 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 02 Nov 2013
University of San Francisco, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law - Innocence Project, Northwestern University - School of Law, Bluhm Legal Clinic and American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 494 (70,778)
Citation 1

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wrongful conviction, false confession, police contamination, criminal procedure, criminal law, constitutional law, evidence, federal rules of evidence, reliability

37.

Predicting Erroneous Convictions

99 Iowa Law Review 471 (2014)., Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2013-19
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 12 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 30 Sep 2014
American University - School of Public Affairs, American University, University of San Francisco and American University
Downloads 482 (72,923)

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wrongful conviction, erroneous conviction, prosecutorial misconduct, false confessions, eyewitness misidentification, criminal law, criminal procedure

38.

Disputed Interrogation Techniques in America: True and False Confessions and the Estimation and Valuation of Type I and II Errors

in Sarah Cooper, ed., Controversies in Innocence Cases in America (Ashgate Publishing 2014)., Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2013-27
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 02 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2014
Deborah Davis, Richard A. Leo and Michael Williams
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology, University of San Francisco and Georgia State University
Downloads 467 (75,856)
Citation 1

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criminal law, wrongful conviction, false confession, police interrogation, criminal justice, law enforcement, criminal procedure

39.

Why Interrogation Contamination Occurs

11 Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 193 (2013), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2013-25
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 19 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2014
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 454 (78,414)

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false confession, wrongful conviction, interrogation contamination, criminal law, criminal procedure, criminal justice

40.

Police Interrogation and Suspect Confessions

Eric Miller & Tamara Lave, eds., The Cambridge Handbook on Policing in North America (Cambridge University Press, 2019, Forthcoming), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2018-09
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 11 May 2018 Last Revised: 25 Jun 2018
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 418 (86,422)

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criminal law, criminal procedure, false confessions, police interrogation, wrongful conviction

41.

The Criminology of Wrongful Conviction: A Decade Later

33 Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 82 (2017), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2016-27
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 15 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2017
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 417 (86,652)
Citation 2

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wrongful conviction, criminal law, criminology, criminal justice, empirical studies, erroneous conviction

42.

The Wrong Guys: Murder, False Confessions, and the Norfolk Four

Tom Wells & Richard A. Leo, The Wrong Guys: Murder, False Confessions, and the Norfolk Four (New Press 2008).
Number of pages: 129 Posted: 29 Mar 2013
Tom Wells and Richard A. Leo
Independent and University of San Francisco
Downloads 381 (96,232)

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norfolk four, false confessions, wrongful conviction, criminal law, criminal procedure, criminal justice

43.

His Story, Her Story: Sexual Miscommunication, Motivated Remembering, and Intoxication as Pathways to Honest False Testimony Regarding Sexual Consent

in R. Burnett, ed., Vilified: Wrongful Allegations of Sexual and Child Abuse. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, Forthcoming)., Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2014-33
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 18 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 15 Dec 2015
University of Nevada, Reno, University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 352 (105,212)

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rape, sexual coercion, alcohol, memory, consent

44.

Acute Suggestibility in Police Interrogation: Self-Regulation Failure as a Primary Mechanism of Vulnerability

in Anne Ridley, ed., Suggestibility in Legal Contexts: Psychological Research and Forensic Applications, (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2013). , Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 11 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 20 Apr 2016
Deborah Davis and Richard A. Leo
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 347 (106,890)
Citation 1

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police interrogation, criminal law, criminal procedure, interrogation-related regulatory decline, self-regulation failure, false confession

45.

Three Prongs of the Confession Problem: Issues and Proposed Solutions

in Carol Henderson & Jules Epstein, eds., The Future of Evidence: How Science and Technology Will Change The Practice of Law (ABA 2011).
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 03 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2014
Deborah Davis and Richard A. Leo
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 334 (111,637)

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False Confessions, Voluntariness, Psychological Techniques, Law Enforcement

46.

Interrogation Through Pragmatic Implication: Sticking to the Letter of the Law While Violating its Intent

in Lawrence Solan & Peter Tiersma, eds. Oxford Handbook on Language and the Law (Oxford University Press 2012). , Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2011-13
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 24 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 21 Jun 2014
Deborah Davis and Richard A. Leo
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 328 (114,623)
Citation 2

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interrogation, false confession, pragmatic implication, police

47.

Mandate the Electronic Recording of Police Interrogations

Crime and Public Policy, Vol. 6
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 10 Jun 2008
Richard A. Leo and Kimberly D. Richman
University of San Francisco and University of San Francisco - College of Arts & Sciences
Downloads 328 (113,826)

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criminal procedure, criminal justice, electronic recording, law enforcement, interrogation

48.

Miranda and the Problem of False Confessions

in Richard A. Leo & George C. Thomas, eds., The Miranda Debate: Law, Justice, and Policing (Northeastern Univ. Press 1998)., Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 03 Jul 2012
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 321 (116,488)

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false confession, Miranda, police interrogation, evidence, criminal procedure

49.

Police Interrogation and Coercion in Domestic American History: Lessons for the War on Terror

TORTURE, LAW AND WAR: WHAT ARE THE MORAL AND LEGAL BOUNDARIES OF THE USE OF COERCION IN INTERROGATION?, Martha Nussbaum & Scott Anderson, eds., University of Chicago Press, Forthcoming, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-04
Number of pages: 178 Posted: 08 Jan 2010
Richard A. Leo and Alexa Koenig
University of San Francisco and University of California, Berkeley - Human Rights Program
Downloads 320 (116,887)

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torture, war on terror, third degree, law enforcement, police, United States military, interrogations

50.

The Impact of Miranda Revisited

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 86, 1996
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 19 May 2008
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 318 (117,685)
Citation 3

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Criminal procedure, Miranda, law enforcement, interrogation techniques, empirical legal research

51.

The Yale White-Collar Crime Project: A Review and Critique

Law of Social Inquiry, Vol. 18, 1993
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 19 May 2008
David T. Johnson and Richard A. Leo
University of Hawaii at Manoa and University of San Francisco
Downloads 314 (119,242)

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Criminal law, White-Collar Crime, Yale White-Collar Crime Project, Sociological Theory, Susan Shapiro, Wayward Capitalists, Defending White-Collar Crime, Stanton Wheeler, Kenneth Mann, Austin Sarat, Sitting in Judgment, David Weisburd, Elin Waring, Nancy Bode, Crimes of the Middle Classes

52.

Affidavit of Dr. Richard A. Leo filed in State v. Dassey

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 04 Aug 2017
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 308 (121,751)

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Brendan Dassey, Making a Murderer, Richard Leo, wrongful convictions, false confessions, police interrogation

53.

False Confessions and the Constitution: Problems, Possibilities and Solutions

in John T. Parry & L. Song Richardson, eds.,THE CONSTITUTION AND THE FUTURE OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA (Cambridge University Press 2013)., Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2013-06
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 12 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2014
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 307 (122,164)

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false confession, police interrogation, criminal procedure, constitutional law, Fourteenth Amendment

54.

Police Interrogation, False Confessions, and Alleged Child Abuse Cases

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform, Forthcoming, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2017-05
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 18 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 31 Mar 2017
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 303 (123,906)

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False Confession, Wrongful Convictions, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Law Enforcement, Police Interrogation

55.

Interrogation and False Confessions in Rape Cases

Robert Hazelwood and Ann Burgess, eds., Practical Aspects of Rape Investigation: A Multidisciplinary Approach (CRC Press, 5th ed., 2017, Forthcoming), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2016-07
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 09 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2016
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 300 (125,250)

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false confessions, wrongful conviction, criminal law, criminal procedure, interrogation, contamination

56.

Analyzing Videotaped Interrogations and Confessions

The Champion Magazine, (2016) Forthcoming, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2016-14
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 17 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 17 May 2016
Brian L. Cutler and Richard A. Leo
Ontario Tech University and University of San Francisco
Downloads 293 (128,384)

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videotaped interrogation, recorded interrogation, law enforcement, police, wrongful convictions, false confessions, criminal law

57.

‘Interrogation-Related Regulatory Decline:’ Ego-Depletion, Failures of Self-Regulation and the Decision to Confess

Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2011-24
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 21 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 09 Oct 2011
Deborah Davis and Richard A. Leo
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 278 (135,638)

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false confessions, interrogation practices, interrogation-related regulatory decline

58.

A Damning Cascade of Investigative Errors: Flaws in Homicide Investigation in the USA

Fiona Bookman & Ed Maguire, eds., The Handbook on Homicide, Wiley-Blackwell, 2016, Forthcoming , Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2016-02
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 21 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2016
Deborah Davis and Richard A. Leo
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 264 (143,046)

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criminal law, criminal procedure, wrongful convictions, interrogation, prosecutorial misconduct, criminal investigation, forensic science, forensic testing

59.

Questioning the Relevance of Miranda in the Twenty-First Century

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 99, 2001
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 13 May 2008
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 252 (149,810)

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criminal procedure, Miranda, interrogations, law enforcement, confessions, taping, recording, interrogation reform

60.

Voices on Innocence

68 Florida Law Review 1569 (2016)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 15 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 18 Jul 2019
Belmont University School of Law, University of San Francisco, Southern Methodist University - Dedman School of Law, Arizona State University (ASU) - Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, University of Toledo College of Law and University of Mississippi School of Law
Downloads 236 (159,648)

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innocence, plea bargain, factual innocence, exoneration, wrongful conviction, evidence, experts, prosecutors, accountability, punishment, restorative justice

61.

Law of Police Interrogation

in G.J.N. Bruinsma & D.L. Weisburd, eds., Encyclopedia of Criminology & Criminal Justice (Springer 2013)., Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 12 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2014
George C. Thomas and Richard A. Leo
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - Rutgers Law School and University of San Francisco
Downloads 227 (165,779)

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police interrogation, constitutional law, criminal procedure, Fifth Amendment, Sixth Amendment, Fourteenth Amendment

62.

When Exoneration Seems Hopeless: The Special Vulnerability of Sexual Abuse Suspects to False Confession

Ros Burnett, ed., Wrongful Allegations of Person Abuse, Oxford Univ. Press, 2015, Forthcoming, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2014-25
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 17 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 14 Oct 2014
Deborah Davis and Richard A. Leo
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 219 (171,500)

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criminal law, false confessions, wrongful convictions, interrogation, sexual abuse suspects, innocence

63.

Adapting to Miranda: Modern Interrogators' Strategies for Dealing with the Obstacles Posed by Miranda

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 84, 1999
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 16 May 2008
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 213 (176,080)
Citation 1

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criminal procedure, Miranda, law enforcement, interrogation techniques

64.

Confessions of Guilt: From Torture to Miranda and Beyond

George C. Thomas III & Richard A. Leo, Confessions of Guilt: From Torture to Miranda and Beyond (Oxford University Press 2012), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2013-21
Number of pages: 146 Posted: 28 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 20 May 2013
George C. Thomas and Richard A. Leo
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - Rutgers Law School and University of San Francisco
Downloads 207 (180,833)

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65.

The Miranda App: Metaphor and Machine

97 Boston University Law Review 935 (2017)., Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2017-04
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 27 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2017
Andrew Guthrie Ferguson and Richard A. Leo
American University Washington College of Law and University of San Francisco
Downloads 204 (183,293)

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Miranda v. Arizona, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Police Interrogation, Law Enforcement, Criminal Justice, Miranda App

66.

Has the Innocence Movement Become an Exoneration Movement? The Risks and Rewards of Redefining Innocence

Daniel Medwed, ed., Innocent Reflections: A Quarter Century of DNA Exonerations (Cambridge University Press 2016), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2016-16
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 30 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 17 May 2016
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 191 (194,650)
Citation 1

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legal exoneration, factual innocence, Innocence Movement, DNA testing, wrongful conviction, criminal justice, criminal law, National Registry of Exonerations

67.

To Walk in Their Shoes: The Problem of Missing, Misunderstood, and Misrepresented Context in Judging Criminal Confessions

46 New England Law Review 737 (2011-2012), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2012-22
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 12 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2014
Deborah Davis and Richard A. Leo
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 191 (194,650)
Citation 1

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false confession, criminal procedure, police interrogation, police contamination, Brandon Garrett

68.

Selling Confession: Setting the Stage with the ‘Sympathetic Detective with a Time-Limited Offer’

Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, Forthcoming, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-29
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 28 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2010
Deborah Davis, Richard A. Leo and William C. Follette
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology, University of San Francisco and University of Nevada, Reno
Downloads 178 (207,086)
Citation 6

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interrogation, false confession, sympathy, authority, beneficence

69.

The Social and Legal Construction of Repressed Memory

Law of Social Inquiry, Vol. 22, 1997
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 14 May 2008
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 178 (207,086)

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Scientific evidence, repressed memory, recovered memory, false memory, child abuse, Lawrence Wright, Richard Ofshe, Ethan Watters, Elizabeth Loftus, Katherine Ketcham, Mark Pendergrast

70.

Missing the Forest for the Trees: A Response to Paul Cassell's 'Balanced Approach' to the False Confession Problem

Denver University Law Review, Vol. 74, 1997
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 19 May 2008
Richard A. Leo and Richard J. Ofshe
University of San Francisco and University of California, Berkeley - Department of Sociology
Downloads 174 (211,180)

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Criminal procedure, false confessions, interrogations, taping, recording, law enforcement, Paul Cassell

71.

Structural Police Deception in American Police Interrogation: A Closer Look at Minimization and Maximization

In Lutz Eidam, Michael Lindemann, & Andreas Ransiek eds., Interrogation Confession and Truth: Comparative Studies in Criminal Procedure 183–207, Nomos Press, Forthcoming, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2020-13
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 21 May 2020 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2020
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 160 (226,752)
Citation 1

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Police Interrogations, Police Deception, False Confessions, False Evidence Ploys, Minimization and Maximization, Interrogation Techniques, Law Enforcement

72.

Miranda, Confessions, and Justice: Lessons for Japan?

THE JAPANESE ADVERSARY SYSTEM IN CONTEXT: CONTROVERSIES AND COMPARISONS, Malcolm M. Feeley, Setsuo Miyazawa, eds., Palgrave Macmillan, 2002
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 23 Mar 2010
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 160 (226,752)

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Miranda, confessions, Japanese criminal procedure, Japanese criminal justice, comparative law, videotaping, interrogations

73.

Innocent Defendants: Divergent Case Outcomes and What They Teach Us

in Marvin Zalman & Julia L. Carrano, eds., Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform: Making Justice (Routledge 2014)., Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2013-26
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 30 Sep 2014
American University - School of Public Affairs, American University, University of San Francisco and American University
Downloads 156 (231,660)

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wrongful conviction, erroneous conviction, criminal law, criminal procedure, criminal justice, innocent defendants

The Gatehouses and Mansions: Fifty Years Later

Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 6, pp. 19.1-19.17, 2010, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-23
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 23 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2010
Richard A. Leo and Alexa Koenig
University of San Francisco and University of California, Berkeley - Human Rights Program
Downloads 150 (239,876)

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Miranda, Constitution, interrogation, rights, police, confessions, criminal procedure

The Gatehouses and Mansions: Fifty Years Later

Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 6, pp. 323-339, 2010
Posted: 14 Nov 2010
Richard A. Leo and Alexa Koenig
University of San Francisco and University of California, Berkeley - Human Rights Program

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75.

Interrogation

Allan Jamieson & Andre Moenssens, eds., THE WILEY ENCYCLOPEDIA OF FORENSIC SCIENCE, Vol. 3 (John Wiley & Sons 2009), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 11 Jul 2012
Mark Costanzo and Richard A. Leo
Claremont McKenna College and University of San Francisco
Downloads 144 (247,438)

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police interrogation, criminal law, criminal procedure, false confession, wrongful conviction

76.

What Innocence Means Today and Why It Matters

Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2016-08
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 30 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2016
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 142 (250,248)

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criminal law, criminal procedure, factual innocence, wrongful conviction, exoneration

77.

The Miranda Debate: Law, Justice, and Policing

Richard A. Leo and George C. Thomas III, eds., The Miranda Debate: Law, Justice, and Policing (Northeastern Univ. Press 1998)
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 18 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2013
Richard A. Leo and George C. Thomas
University of San Francisco and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - Rutgers Law School
Downloads 138 (255,949)

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Miranda v. Arizona, criminal law, criminal procedure, constitutional law, police interrogation, Fifth Amendment

78.

Commentary: Overcoming Judicial Preferences for Person- Versus Situation-Based Analyses of Interrogation-Induced Confessions

Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, Vol. 38, No. 2, 2010, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2012-14
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 14 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2012
Deborah Davis and Richard A. Leo
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 137 (257,435)
Citation 1

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expert testimony, false confessions, interrogation-induced confessions

79.

Interrogating Guilty Suspects: Why Sipowicz Never Has to Admit He is Wrong

WHAT WOULD SIPOWICZ DO? RACE, RIGHTS, AND REDEMPTION IN NYPD BLUE, Glenn Yeffeth, Shanna Caughey, eds., 2005
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 27 Sep 2010
George C. Thomas and Richard A. Leo
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - Rutgers Law School and University of San Francisco
Downloads 130 (267,885)

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NYPD Blue, police interrogations, confessions, law in popular culture

80.

Dr. Richard Leo Report on Sedley Alley

Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2021-09
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 30 Jun 2021
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 126 (274,276)

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police interrogation, false confessions, wrongful conviction, Sedley Alley, criminal law, criminal procedure

81.

The Sound of Silence: Miranda Waivers, Selective Literalism and Social Context

in Lawrence Solan, Janet Ainsworth, & Roger Shuy, eds., Speaking of Language and Law (Oxford Univ. Press 2014)., Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2014-18
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 20 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 20 Aug 2015
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 110 (302,189)

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Miranda rights, criminal procedure, Berghuis v. Thompkins, police interrogation, confession, Miranda waiver

82.

Police Scholarship for the Future: Resisting the Pull of the Policy Audience

Law and Society, Vol. 30, 1996
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 13 Jun 2008
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 106 (310,057)

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Criminal justice, police scholarship, empirical research, David Bayley, Paul Chevigny

83.

Letters to the Journal: Professors Leo and Gould reply to Professors Gross and O'Brien

8 Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 277 (2010).
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 23 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 08 Jul 2014
Richard A. Leo and Jon B. Gould
University of San Francisco and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 105 (312,011)

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wrongful convictions, social science

84.

Urgent Issues and Prospects In Reinforcing Interrogation Practices In the United States and Canada

Legal and Criminological Psychology (2020), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2020-14
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 28 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2020
Memorial University, Independent, Independent, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, Operational Sciences International, University of San Francisco, Iowa State University - Department of Psychology, Independent, Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law, George Mason University and Independent
Downloads 102 (318,212)

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interrogation, interviewing, policing, reform, criminal justice

85.

Using the Innocent to Scapegoat Miranda: Another Reply to Paul Cassell

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 88, 1998
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 18 May 2008
Richard A. Leo and Richard J. Ofshe
University of San Francisco and University of California, Berkeley - Department of Sociology
Downloads 99 (324,421)

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Miranda, Paul Cassell, false confessions, wrongful convictions

86.

Moving Targets: Placing the Good Faith Doctrine in the Context of Fragmented Policing

Fordham Urban Law Journal, Vol. 37, 2010, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2012-08
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 05 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2012
Hadar Aviram, Jeremy Seymour and Richard A. Leo
UC Hastings Law, affiliation not provided to SSRN and University of San Francisco
Downloads 95 (333,095)

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Fourth Amendment, exclusionary rule, Herring v. United States

87.

Interrogation and the Sexual Assault Suspect: On the Synergy between Pretext Caller and Police Interrogator

Nadine Deslauriers-Varin & Craig Bennell, eds., Criminal Investigations of Sexual Offenses: Investigative Techniques and Operational Challenges (Springer, Forthcoming), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2021-07
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 18 Nov 2020 Last Revised: 30 Jun 2021
University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology, University of San Francisco, University of Nevada, Reno and University of Nevada, Reno
Downloads 94 (337,643)

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Criminal justice, Interrogation, Police, Law enforcement, Sexual assault, Confrontation calls, Pretext calls, False confessions

88.

Paul Tappan Award Winner Keynote Address: The Justice Gap and the Promise of Criminological Research

15 Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law & Society 1 (2014), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2015-04
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 09 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 11 Feb 2015
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 93 (337,643)
Citation 1

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justice, criminology, criminal law, criminal procedure, police interrogation, false confession, wrongful conviction

89.

Interrogative Suggestibility

in Demosthenes Lorandos, ed. The Litigator’s Handbook of Forensic Medicine, Psychiatry and Psychology (Thomson Reuters, 2021 Forthcoming), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2021-08
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 27 Jan 2021 Last Revised: 30 Jun 2021
Laura Nirider, Deborah Davis and Richard A. Leo
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law, University of Nevada, Reno - Department of Psychology and University of San Francisco
Downloads 89 (349,609)

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criminal law, criminal procedure, evidence, expert witness, expert testimony, voluntariness, false confession, police interrogation

90.

Beating a Bum Rap

Contexts, Summer 2004
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 27 Sep 2010
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco
Downloads 62 (424,899)
Citation 1

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expert testimony, police interrogation, false confessions, social science research

91.

Theorizing Failed Prosecutions

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Forthcoming, American University School of Public Affairs Research Paper Forthcoming, SMU Dedman School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 509, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2021-10
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 25 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 30 Jun 2021
Jon B. Gould, Victoria M. Smiegocki and Richard A. Leo
American University - School of Public Affairs, Southern Methodist University - Dedman School of Law and University of San Francisco
Downloads 53 (457,481)

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wrongful convictions, erroneous convictions, failed prosecutions, criminal justice, criminology, criminal law, criminal procedure